PRO-ACTIVE: Prophylactic Swallow Intervention for Patients Receiving Radiotherapy for Head and Neck Cancer (PRO-ACTIVE)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jun 23, 2024
  • participants needed
    952
  • sponsor
    University Health Network, Toronto
Updated on 23 March 2022
pneumonia
cancer
malnutrition
head and neck cancer
neck cancer
impaired swallowing
swallowing therapy

Summary

Dysphagia (difficulty swallowing) is a common and potentially life-threatening toxicity of radiotherapy (RT) for patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). HNC survivors have a 20-24 percent lifetime risk of pneumonia after RT, which is associated with a 42 percent excess risk of death in survivorship. Moreover, dysphagia predisposes individuals to malnutrition, and at least half of HNC patients require feeding tubes during RT.

Patients are commonly referred for swallowing therapy with a speech pathologist. Some patients receive early intervention, before a swallowing problem begins-PRO-ACTIVE therapy. Other patients are monitored and prescribed dysphagia interventions only if and when a swallowing problem occurs-RE-ACTIVE therapy. Thus, REACTIVE therapy aims to reverse an already impaired swallowing ability, whereas PRO-ACTIVE therapy aims to prevent or reduce severity of dysphagia. These two broad categories of therapy represent the most common types of intervention offered to HNC patients across North America. Although there is single-institution evidence to support each practice, it is yet unknown which is most effective.

To address this gap, the primary aim of this international, multi-site 3-arm pragmatic randomized clinical trial is to compare the effectiveness of PRO-ACTIVE (high and low intensity) versus RE-ACTIVE swallowing therapy among 952 patients with HNC planning to undergo RT, using duration of feeding tube dependence after RT as the primary outcome. Our secondary aim proposes to compare the relative benefit or harm of these swallowing interventions on secondary outcomes considered relevant to our stakeholder partners.

Description

Swallowing therapy is commonly provided as a behavioral treatment to lessen the risk or severity of dysphagia in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients; however, best practice is not established. This multi-site, international randomized clinical trial (RCT) will compare the effectiveness of PRO-ACTIVE (high and low intensity) versus RE-ACTIVE swallowing interventions in 952 HNC patients undergoing radiotherapy (RT). The 3 study arms represent alternate timing and intensity of swallowing therapy delivered by a speech language pathologist: 1) RE-ACTIVE, 2) PRO-ACTIVE EAT, and 3) PRO-ACTIVE EAT + EXERCISE.

The primary aim of the PRO-ACTIVE trial is to compare the effectiveness of PRO-ACTIVE versus RE-ACTIVE swallowing interventions among patients with HNC planned to undergo RT. We hypothesize that the combined PRO-ACTIVE therapies are more effective than RE-ACTIVE therapy; and, if so, that more intensive PRO-ACTIVE (EAT + EXERCISE) is superior to less intensive PRO-ACTIVE (EAT). Effectiveness will be measured based on reduced duration of feeding tube dependency as the primary endpoint, an outcome valued equally by patients, caregivers and clinicians.

The secondary aim of the PRO-ACTIVE trial is to compare the relative benefit or harm of swallowing therapy arms on secondary outcomes including videofluoroscopic swallowing evaluations, functional status measures, health status measures, and patient-reported outcomes.

Details
Condition Dysphagia
Treatment RE-ACTIVE, PRO-ACTIVE EAT, PRO-ACTIVE EAT + EXERCISE
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03455608
SponsorUniversity Health Network, Toronto
Last Modified on23 March 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Adults ≥ 18 years of age diagnosed with head and neck malignancy
RT treatment planned for curative intent
Dispositioned to receive external beam radiotherapy dose ≥60 gray to bilateral fields at participating institution
Sufficient fluency in written English, French, Spanish or Simplified Chinese to be able to complete the study patient reported outcome questionnaires

Exclusion Criteria

Distant metastasis at enrollment; or
Prior or planned total laryngectomy; or
Moderate/severe dysphagia at enrollment per baseline videofluoroscopy DIGEST grade ≥2 (as graded per central laboratory review)
Previously seen by speech language pathologist for swallowing therapy for the current head and neck cancer
Diagnosis of second primary non-head and neck cancers in the thorax or the central nervous system at enrollment
Head and neck radiotherapy for thyroid or cutaneous/skin primary tumors, regardless of neck fields
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact

site

0/250

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note