Last updated on March 2019

A clinical trial sponsored by McMaster University for a research study for the treatment of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia, Bronchiectasis, Asthma, Pulmonary sarcoidosis, Emphysema, alpha-1-Antitrypsin deficiency, Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease, Pulmonary Fibrosis

Brief description of study

This is a single centre exploratory study that aims to apply hyperpolarized xenon-129 (129Xe) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) methods and measurements in individual patients with and without lung disease to better understand lung structure and function and evaluate response to therapy delivered as a part of clinical care.

Detailed Study Description

The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the ventilation defect percent (VDP), apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and/or the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) obtained by analysis of hyperpolarized 129Xe MRI at one or more time-points (over time in the absence of therapeutic intervention or following clinically indicated therapy) in healthy volunteers and patients with lung disease including but not limited to: asthma, emphysema, COPD, bronchiectasis, sarcoidosis, pulmonary fibrosis, alpha 1-anti-trypsin deficiency, eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis and bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

This will be a single centre exploratory study in 10 healthy volunteers with normal lung function and no history of lung disease and 50 patients with a clinical diagnosis of lung disease. There is one study visit required for participation. A subset of participants may be asked to return for up to five additional study visits per year for five years. The purpose of additional study visits is to understand how hyperpolarized 129Xe MRI measurements of lung structure and function change over time in the absence of therapeutic intervention or following clinically indicated therapy.

All subjects will visit St Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton and undergo: vital signs, pulmonary function testing, questionnaires, proton (1H) MRI, static ventilation and/or diffusion-weighted 129Xe MRI, and sputum induction. Up to four doses of hyperpolarized 129Xe will be inhaled during a single study visit.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03455686

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