The Effects of Electronic Cigarette Smoking on the Arterial Wall and Endothelial Glycocalyx Properties of Smokers

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jun 24, 2022
  • participants needed
    90
  • sponsor
    University of Athens
Updated on 24 January 2021
carbon monoxide
cigarette smoke
smoking tobacco

Summary

Electronic cigarette is proposed as a bridge to smoking cessation. In this study we examine its effects on aortic elasticity, glycocalyx integrity, and exhaled carbon monoxide (CO) concentration and platelet function, both acutely and after 1 month of use.

Description

Two smoker groups matched for age and sex will be assessed:

  1. a group of 30 current smokers with no diagnosed cardiovascular disease as the control group for chronic phase
  2. a group of 30 current smokers with no diagnosed cardiovascular disease who will be using the electronic cigarette with nicotine for 1 month

In the acute phase all 60 smokers will undergo a "sham" smoking for 7 minutes. Afterwards 30 out of 60 smokers will be randomized to smoke either a normal cigarette or an electronic cigarette with nicotine and after a 60 minute washout period these subjects will be crossed over to the alternate mode of smoking (electronic with nicotine or normal cigarette respectively).

The remaining 30 smokers will be randomized to smoke either a normal cigarette or an electronic cigarette without nicotine and after a 60 minute washout period these subjects will be crossed over to the alternate mode of smoking (electronic without nicotine or normal cigarette respectively.

After the completion of the acute phase all 60 smokers will start the use of an electronic cigarette for one month.

In the acute phase, measurements will be performed at baseline, after sham smoking and after smoking of the normal or electronic cigarette (with or without nicotine). The chronic phase measurements will be performed 1 month after use electronic cigarette with nicotine. Thirty current smokers of similar age and sex will serve as controls and will have measurements at baseline and 1 month after baseline assessment. The nicotine concentration of the electronic cigarette fluid used during both phases will be 12 mg/dL, while the participants will be allowed to use their cigarette of preference in the acute phase. In both phases we will assess a) the aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) and augmentation index (AIx) by Arteriograph and Complior; b) the perfusion boundary region of the sublingual arterial microvessels using Sideview, Darkfield imaging (Microscan, Glycocheck); c) the exhaled carbon monoxide (CO) level (parts per million -ppm) as a smoking status marker; d) the vital signs; e) an electrocardiogram; and f) plasma levels of C- reactive protein (CRP), transforming growth factor-b (TGF-b), lipoprotein associated phospholipase A2 (LP- LPA2), tumor necrosis factor- (TNF-), interleukins 6 and 10 (IL-6 and -10), procollagen propeptide type III (PIIINP), matrix metalloproteinase 2 and 9 (MMP-2 and -9), and macrophage-colony stimulating factor (MCSF), malondialdehyde (MDA) and protein carbonyls (PC) and platelet function tests using the novel Platelet Function Analyzer PFA-100 and the traditional Light Transmission Aggregometry (LTA)

Details
Condition Smoking Cessation, smoking cessation therapy
Treatment Electronic Cigarette, Conventional cigarette
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03039920
SponsorUniversity of Athens
Last Modified on24 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Is your age between 18 yrs and 60 yrs?
Gender: Male or Female
Do you have Smoking Cessation?
Do you have any of these conditions: smoking cessation therapy or Smoking Cessation?
Active conventional cigarette smoker

Exclusion Criteria

Health condition adversely affected by smoking, history or presence of cardiovascular disease
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a site
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar
Name

Primary Contact

site
Name

Phone Email

0/250
Please verify that you are not a bot.

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note