Glaucoma Management Optimism for African Americans Living With Glaucoma (GOAL)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 31, 2022
  • participants needed
    240
  • sponsor
    University of Alabama at Birmingham
Updated on 15 May 2022
hypertension
prostaglandin
blindness
glaucoma
ophthalmic solution
brimonidine tartrate ophthalmic solution
eye disease
pigmentary glaucoma
angle closure glaucoma
glaucoma suspect

Summary

African Americans (AA) are at higher risk to develop and go blind from glaucoma than Caucasians. While glaucoma medications can help delay disease progression and possible blindness, problems with poor adherence have been documented for both racial groups, with a greater prevalence among AA. Of the very few interventions targeting glaucoma medication adherence studied to date, several methodological limitations persist. For example, few have been subjected to rigorous randomized clinical trial (RCT) designs, the intervention itself was designed and studied predominantly among Caucasians and thereby limiting generalizability, the effects on adherence have been short-term, most have been evaluated on small sample sizes, and/or the focus of the intervention was solely on providing patient education regarding eye disease and management. Needed in this important yet understudied area are culturally-relevant, health promotion-based approaches which are 1) targeted to high risk populations, 2) theoretically driven, 3) relevant to the beliefs, language, and values of underserved populations as well as challenges related to glaucoma medication adherence, 4) designed to promote preparation and readiness to engage in healthy behaviors, and 5) train patients in skills to use in order to more effectively problem-solve ongoing obstacles related to adherence.

The investigators published a paper in the Journal of Glaucoma investigating determinants related to objective medication adherence as measured by an electronic dosing aid (DA). Findings revealed poorer rates of adherence among AA patients with glaucoma compared to Caucasian patients with glaucoma. Evidence for racial differences in adherence have also been increasingly documented in the glaucoma literature. In a follow-up study with focus groups of AA's with glaucoma that was published in Optometry and Vision Sciences, the goal was to identify the specific barriers and facilitators related to glaucoma medication adherence among this high-risk group. Several key themes emerged such as patient, provider, and socioeconomic factors, along with barriers in views of health, perceived harm from treatment, costs, avoidant coping styles, forgetfulness, and in eyedrop administration/scheduling. The investigators used these results along with guidance from a consumer advisory board consisting of AA patients with glaucoma in order to develop and pilot test the resulting culturally relevant, health promotion-based intervention. The pilot data demonstrated feasibility and favorable preliminary efficacy for the intervention to significantly improve medication adherence to further pursue in a clinical trial.

Description

Aim 1: To evaluate the efficacy of a culturally relevant, health promotion-based intervention to increase rates of glaucoma medication adherence among AA patients with glaucoma as compared to usual care.

Aim 2: To longitudinally examine the associations between medical, demographic, cultural, socioeconomic, and ocular factors and objective medication adherence rates among AA's with glaucoma in the usual care only group. This aim will explore what factors are associated with glaucoma medication adherence, as defined by objective adherence measures, during usual care. This information will facilitate hypothesis generation and testing for future studies.

Aim 3: To longitudinally examine the associations between medical, demographic, cultural, socioeconomic, and ocular factors and objective medication adherence rates among AA's with glaucoma in the treatment arm (those receiving the treatment intervention). This aim will explore what patient-related factors are more or less likely to relate to the effectiveness of the intervention as defined by objective adherence. This information is useful for understanding which patients may ultimately most responsive to the intervention.

Details
Condition Glaucoma
Treatment Usual Care + Health Promotion Intervention
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03159481
SponsorUniversity of Alabama at Birmingham
Last Modified on15 May 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

age ≥ 21 years old
AA
have one of the following diagnoses: open-angle glaucoma, angle-closure glaucoma, glaucoma suspect, or ocular hypertension (OHTN) in one or both eyes
using or prescribed a topical prostaglandin analog
not to have undergone past laser or surgical glaucoma therapy within 3 months before the study
have two reliable visual fields over the past 2 years
English-speaking
cognitively oriented as defined by the Six-Item Screener (SIS) score of > 4 of 6
have access to a telephone
agrees to random assignment to either arm of study
agrees to return for all follow-up visits
patient has been determined to be 80% or less adherent

Exclusion Criteria

cognitively unable to understand the study
does not instill their own eye drops
incapable of using the electronic MEMS bottle/cap after a brief practice session
known contraindications to Travoprost
has a severe hearing impairment impeding communication
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact

site

0/250

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note