Last updated on March 2018

Efficacy of Quadrivalent HPV Vaccine to Prevent Relapses of Genital Warts After Initial Therapeutic Response

Brief description of study

External genital warts (EGW) are a frequent disease (typical yearly incidence of 100 to 200 new cases per 100.000 person-years, typical prevalence of 1 to 4% of the sexually active population), with a heavy toll on patients' quality of life: low self-esteem and severe impairment of sexual well-being are common consequences. Treatments are painful and take time to achieve cure because of low complete remission (20 to 60%) and high recurrence rates (10 to 40%, 30% on average). Finding new means to reduce these recurrence rates thus seems justified. Infection with Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is responsible for EGW,other warts and some epithelial cancers. Out of two currently available HPV vaccines (Cervarix and Gardasil), only Gardasil is " quadrivalent " i.e. contains virus like particles imparting protection versus 4 genotypes of HPV, 2 of them responsible of most cancers and pre cancers of the cervix (HPV 16 and 18), and 2 for 90% of EGW (HPV 6 and 11). A close to 100 % efficacy of the quadrivalent HPV vaccine (QHV) on prevention of EGW in naive patients has been shown, leading to their near disappearance in the vaccinated population of countries with a good vaccine coverage. Beside this preventive efficacy, literature data also show that HPV vaccines have an up-to-100% protective effect versus recurrence of destroyed precancerous lesions of the cervix in non-naive patients with an up-to-40 month's follow-up. Also, there is anecdotal evidence that they could help treat severe wart conditions. QHV is also safe and well tolerated when used in a preventive manner.

Investigator hypothesis is that QHV could have a protective effect on the recurrence of EGW in patients who achieve complete remission.

The primary objective is to evaluate if the HPV vaccine, as compared to placebo, reduces the relapse rate of external genital warts over a 12 month-period after their first injection.

The primary endpoint is the Relapse-free "survival". Relapse will have to be clinically confirmed.

The secondary objectives are : 1. To assess the improvement of the quality of life of the patients 2. To investigate the clinical tolerance to three doses of HPV vaccine. The secondary endpoints are

  1. Disease relief score as evaluated by patients on a specific questionnaire for Condylomata Acuminata (CECA) and Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) self-administered questionnaires over the treatment and follow-up periods
  2. The clinical tolerance to HPV vaccine will be evaluated by assessment of the percentage of patients with local and/or systemic reactions during the study

This is a National multicenter Phase III comparative, double blind randomized, two-parallel groups clinical trial evaluating the efficacy of Gardasil vaccine versus placebo in EGW population. Patients (300) recently cured of EGW will be enrolled over a 18 month-period and will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive three intra muscular (IM) vaccinations of either Gardasil vaccine (150 subjects) or placebo (150 subjects) :

  • Group 1: Gardasil (at M0) + Gardasil (at M2) + Gardasil (at M6)
  • Group 2: Placebo (at M0) + Placebo (at M2) + Placebo (at M6) Subjects meeting all the inclusion criteria and none of the exclusion criteria will be vaccinated by the investigator or designee of the investigational center and will be examined by the investigator or designee 30 minutes post immunization to assess for local and systemic reactions.

All subjects will be followed by the investigators or designee during the study by phone contacts and visits on site. Diary cards will be used after each vaccination to follow the patients.

Number of visits /participant: 9 Schedule of visits : 1 selection visit (V0) , 3 vaccinations scheduled on site at M0, M2 and M6, 3 phone contacts at M1, M3 and M7, 2 clinical follow up visits on site at M9 and M12 + 1 unscheduled visit on site in case of EGW relapse during the study

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03296397

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Recruitment Status: Open

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