Last updated on October 2018

Caregiver Outcomes of Alzheimer's Disease Screening


Brief description of study

This study will measure the risks and benefits of early screening of Alzheimer's disease. Early diagnosis through screening may enhance the family member's transition to a family caregiver and reduce caregiver burden by providing an opportunity for the family member to learn about the syndrome, receive interventions, and to prepare for their new care giving role.

Detailed Study Description

We are proposing the first randomized controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate the benefits and harms of AD screening on family members of older adults. The proposed trial will randomize 1,800 dyads (older adult and family member) into three groups. Older adults in the first group will be screened for AD at baseline coupled with disclosure of the screening results to the dyad and to the patient's primary care provider (Screening Only Group). Older adults in the second group will be screened for AD at baseline coupled with disclosure of the screening results and, if they screen positive, referred to the Aging Brain Care (ABC) Program for diagnostic evaluation and care, if AD is diagnosed (Screening Plus Group). Older adults in the third group will not be screened at baseline and will observed through surveillance of the patients' EHR for any screening or incident AD diagnoses that occurs as part of routine care. At the last follow-up assessment (24 months) we will we will screen the older adults and conduct an interview with the family caregiver to detect possible cognitive impairment (Control Group).

Specific Aim 1: Evaluate the impact of AD screening on family members' quality of life.

Hypothesis 1: In comparison to the control group, family members randomized to the screening only or the screening plus groups will express higher levels of health-related quality of life at 24 months as measured by the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36).

Specific Aim 2: Evaluate the impact of AD screening on family members' mood and anxiety.

Hypothesis 2: In comparison to the control group, family members randomized to the screening only or the screening plus groups will express lower rates of depressive and anxiety symptoms at 24 months as measured by the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7).

Specific Aim 3: Assess the impact of AD screening on family members' caregiving preparedness and caregiving self-efficacy.

Hypothesis 3: In comparison to the control group, family members randomized to the screening only or the screening plus group, will be more prepared for caregiving and have higher self-efficacy at 24 months as measured by the Preparedness for Caregiving Scale and the Revised Scale for Caregiving Self-Efficacy.

Specific Aim 4: Compare the effectiveness of two strategies for diagnostic evaluation and management after AD screening.

Hypothesis 4: In comparison to the screening only group, family members randomized to the screening plus group will express higher levels of health-related quality of life, caregiver preparedness and caregiving self-efficacy and lower levels of depressive and anxiety symptoms at 24 months, as measured by the SF-36, Preparedness for Caregiving Scale, the Revised Scale for Caregiving Self-Efficacy, PHQ-9, and GAD-7, respectively.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03300180

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Eskenazi Hospital

Indianapolis, IN United States
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IU Health-Primary Care Clinics

Indianapolis, IN United States
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