Netupitant/Palonosetron Hydrochloride and Dexamethasone With or Without Prochlorperazine or Olanzapine in Improving Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting in Patients With Breast Cancer

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    May 1, 2023
  • participants needed
    1200
  • sponsor
    University of Rochester NCORP Research Base
Updated on 11 November 2021
cancer
cyclophosphamide
methotrexate
breast cancer
doxorubicin
carboplatin
biomarker analysis
trastuzumab
herceptin

Summary

This randomized phase III trial studies how well netupitant/palonosetron hydrochloride and dexamethasone with prochlorperazine or olanzapine work compared to netupitant/palonosetron hydrochloride and dexamethasone in improving chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in patients with breast cancer. Antiemetic drugs, such as prochlorperazine and olanzapine, may help lessen nausea and vomiting in patients with breast cancer treated with chemotherapy.

Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine if control of nausea at cycle 2 in participants who experienced chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) at cycle 1 is improved by the addition of either prochlorperazine or olanzapine to the control arm of netupitant, palonosetron and dexamethasone.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine if olanzapine is more effective than prochlorperazine in controlling nausea at cycle 2 in participants who experienced CINV at cycle 1 when used in combination with netupitant, palonosetron and dexamethasone.

II. To determine if control of vomiting at cycle 2 in patients who experienced CINV at cycle 1 is improved by the addition of either prochlorperazine or olanzapine to the control arm of netupitant, palonosetron and dexamethasone.

III. To determine if olanzapine is more effective than prochlorperazine in controlling vomiting at cycle 2 in participants who experienced CINV at cycle 1 when used in combination with netupitant, palonosetron and dexamethasone.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To create an empirically-based algorithm predicting nausea from breast cancer chemotherapy regimens that takes into account not only state-of-the-art anti-emetic regimens but also participant factors such as age, race, education, ethnicity, quality of life (QOL), alcohol consumption, susceptibility to nausea, expectancy, anxiety, level of nausea on the day prior to treatment, and prior history of nausea.

II. To compare the effects of the interventions on QOL, as assessed by the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy- General (FACT-G), by following the same procedures described under the primary aim and the first secondary aim, using change in the FACT-G scores as the response.

III. To provide preliminary data on the frequency and severity of sleep disturbance, fatigue, anxiety, and dizziness, across treatment conditions.

IV. To provide preliminary data on biological factors (e.g. glutathione [GSH] recycling, genetic markers) that may help identify a subgroup of patients at high risk for development of cancer-related or treatment-related side effects, or response to treatment.

OUTLINE

PART I: Patients receive 1 cycle of standard of care chemotherapy.

PART II: Patients with a nausea score >= 3 at least once on the diary at cycle 1 chemotherapy are randomized into 1 of 3 groups at cycle 2.

GROUP I: Within 1 hour prior to chemotherapy, patients receive netupitant/palonosetron hydrochloride orally (PO) on day 1. Within 30 minutes prior to chemotherapy, patients also receive dexamethasone PO on days 1-4. Patients also receive placebo PO with chemotherapy every 8 hours (Q8H) on days 1-4.

GROUP II: Patients receive netupitant/palonosetron hydrochloride and dexamethasone as in Group I. Patients also receive prochlorperazine PO Q8H and placebo PO with chemotherapy on days 1-4.

GROUP III: Patients receive netupitant/palonosetron hydrochloride and dexamethasone as in Group I. Patients also receive olanzapine PO and placebo PO Q8H with chemotherapy on days 1-4.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 30 days.

Details
Condition Breast Cancer, Ductal Carcinoma In Situ, Breast Cancer Diagnosis, breast carcinoma, Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS)
Treatment laboratory biomarker analysis, olanzapine, quality-of-life assessment, Placebo, Dexamethasone, Prochlorperazine, Netupitant/Palonosetron Hydrochloride
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03367572
SponsorUniversity of Rochester NCORP Research Base
Last Modified on11 November 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Have a diagnosis of breast cancer and be chemotherapy naive; NOTE: prior methotrexate for non-cancerous conditions is allowed
Be scheduled to receive a single-day chemotherapy regimen that contains doxorubicin and/or cyclophosphamide and/or carboplatin; Herceptin (trastuzumab) and other chemotherapy agents will be allowed with any of these regimens
Be scheduled to receive an antiemetic regimen that does not contain Akynzeo; in addition, the antiemetic regimen must conform with American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Clinical Practice Guidelines at cycle 1
Be able to read English
Have the ability to give written informed consent
Have Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0, 1, or 2
NOTE: patients 80 years of age or older must have approval from an oncologist or their designee to participate in this study
NOTE: patients currently receiving warfarin must have approval from an oncologist or their designee to participate in this study
Women of child-bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control, or abstinence) for the duration of the study and have a negative pregnancy test within 10 days prior to the initiation of chemotherapy; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her study physician immediately
CYCLE II PORTION ONLY: Only participants with a nausea score >= 3 at least once on the diary assessment from cycle 1 can be randomized for cycle 2
CYCLE II PORTION ONLY: Participants must be scheduled to receive the same chemotherapy regimen as received at cycle 1

Exclusion Criteria

Have clinical evidence of current or impending bowel obstruction
Have a known history of central nervous system disease (e.g., brain metastases or a seizure disorder)
Have dementia
Have uncontrolled diabetes mellitus or uncontrolled hyperglycemia
Have severe hepatic impairment, severe renal impairment, or end-stage renal disease as determined by the treating physician
Have had long term treatment (> 5 days within the past 30 days) with an antipsychotic agent such as risperidone, quetiapine, clozapine, a phenothiazine, or a butyrophenone within 30 days before enrollment or plans for such treatment during the study period; NOTE: participants could have received prochlorperazine and other phenothiazines as antiemetic therapy on a short term basis (i.e., =< 5 days)
Have a known cardiac arrhythmia, uncontrolled congestive heart failure, or acute myocardial infarction within the previous 6 months
Be taking benzodiazepines regularly (> 5 days within the past 30 days); pro re nata (PRN) use (=< 5 days) for the short-term relief of the symptoms of anxiety, anxiety associated with depressive symptoms, or as a rescue medication for breakthrough CINV is allowed
Be taking anticholinergic medications
Be receiving quinolone antibiotic therapy
Be taking amifostine (Ethiofos)
Have a known hypersensitivity to olanzapine or to phenothiazines
CYCLE II PORTION ONLY: Must not have received Akynzeo at cycle 1
CYCLE II PORTION ONLY: Must still meet all the exclusion criteria for cycle 1
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