Last updated on July 2019

Pulmonary Hypertension Screening for Rheumatology Patients (SOPHIE)


Brief description of study

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a serious and often fatal complication of connective tissue diseases including systemic sclerosis and systemic lupus erythematosus. It has been reported primarily from European series that the prevalence of PAH in patients with connective tissue diseases particularly systemic sclerosis is as high as 15-20%. However, given the paucity of medical literature in the area from Chinese population, the prevalence of PAH amongst Chinese patients with these conditions is largely unknown. Even worse, PAH is often undiagnosed amongst patients with connective tissue diseases due to the lack of awareness and/or access to echocardiography, which is a non-invasive first-line screening tool for PAH. As a result, most patients at diagnosis of PAH are at a relatively late stage, rendering pharmacological treatment less effective. Here, the investigators propose a territory-wide pulmonary hypertension screening for patients with connective tissue disease in order to (1) detect pulmonary hypertension amongst patients with connective tissue disease through systematic screening, and (2) understand the prevalence of pulmonary hypertension in Chinese patients with connective tissue diseases.

Detailed Study Description

Objectives
  1. To detect pulmonary hypertension amongst patients with connective tissue diseases through systematic screening
  2. To understand the prevalence of pulmonary hypertension in Chinese patients with connective tissue diseases

Study design:

The study is a territory-wide pulmonary hypertension screening project. Patients fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria will undergo screen echocardiography as baseline to detect subclinical pulmonary hypertension.

Screening procedure:

Participants will undergo usual clinical assessment by the rheumatology teams of the parent hospitals including standard 12-lead ECG and 6-minute hall walk distance. then they will be referred to the Division of Cardiology, the Department of Medicine, the University of Hong Kong for (1) Echocardiography and (2) BNP (or pro-NT BNP) assay. The echocardiography will be performed based on the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/European Respiratory Society (ERS) Guidelines. The echocardiographic probability of pulmonary hypertension will be determined (low, intermediate, and high).

Statistical analysis and power calculation:

There are no studies on which to calculate a power equation, because there are no previous reports on the prevalence of pulmonary hypertension in Chinese rheumatological patients. The sample size is based on our local prevalence of the rheumatological diseases.

Continuous variables will be expressed in mean SD. Statistical comparisons were performed using Student's t test or Fisher's exact test, as appropriate. The outcomes would be analyzed.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03446339

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The University of Hong Kong

Hong Kong, China
8.76miles
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Recruitment Status: Open


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