Last updated on May 2019

Effect of Metformin on Frailty in 12 Subjects

Brief description of study

This study will test whether chronic metformin administration will improve longevity of the cell, improves its machinery by reducing aging-related biochemical parameters and thereby improving physical performance, as measured by short physical performance battery test.

Detailed Study Description

Heart disease is the number one cause of death in the United States and disproportionately affects older adults, underscoring the need to examine determinants of survivorship. Recognizing this gap, current guidelines lay emphasis to assess frailty, a key construct prevalent in elderly and known to impact their prognosis.Older persons are commonly frail, manifest hyperglycemia and their health span is truncated by illnesses during which physiological declines together with accumulation of additional deficits results in multimorbidity and functional dependence. High incidence of functional decline and stress hyperglycemia in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) makes pharmacologic manipulation, an attractive strategy to improve frailty and reduce adverse cardiovascular outcomes. Metformin exerts its effect on health span as a calorie restriction-mimetic through inhibition of mitochondrial complex 1 and activation of activated protein kinase (AMP).This drug is safe and has been shown to prolong life in mammals. Metformin by reducing effects of cellular senescence and improving glycemic control may improve the functioning of older adults.

In CAD, cellular senescence and inflammation affect organ dysfunction through interference with tissue homeostasis and regeneration. The deleterious effect of senescence includes pro-inflammatory senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP). Normal biological function through alteration in cellular homeostasis and restoration of glycemic control may be achieved by metformin. The phenotypic manifestations of these changes are incompletely characterized as it is yet unknown whether cell-intrinsic regenerative mechanisms can be translated into clinical improvement in physical performance and whether it's chronic administration is safe in older adults. These major gaps in knowledge hinder utilization of metformin as an agent to promote cellular regeneration and to reduce the impact of cellular senescence.

Targeting frail individuals with high levels of inflammation and SASP factors would necessitate identification of predictors of improvement with metformin in tissue inflammation and function. A clinomics approach implementing simultaneous assessment of clinical impact coupled with serological profiling would provide enhanced understanding of the local and systemic impact mediated by metformin. Through correlation of molecular profiles with phenotypic expression changes, as proposed herein, investigators will enhance understanding of the regenerative impact of metformin and the basis for clinical improvement in the setting of senescence.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03451006

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