Sequential Chemotherapy and Blinatumomab to Improve MRD Response and Survival in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Aug 22, 2023
  • participants needed
    149
  • sponsor
    Gruppo Italiano Malattie EMatologiche dell'Adulto
Updated on 24 January 2021
Investigator
Paola Fazi, Dr.
Primary Contact
Istituto di Ematologia - IRCCS Ospedale Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza (0.0 mi away) Contact
+72 other location
cancer
corticosteroids
lymphoid leukemia
blinatumomab

Summary

The present study aims at analyzing the response to treatment of adult patients homogeneously treated with supportive care, chemotherapy and blinatumomab.

Description

Eligible patients with CD19+ Ph- BCP ALL (Philadelphia-negative B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia) will receive homogeneous supportive care, chemotherapy and blinatumomab immunotherapy, and will be homogeneously analyzed for response at prefixed time points from induction day 1. For risk-oriented therapy, patients in complete remission (CR) will be stratified by risk class according to the diagnostic characteristics and MRD (minimal residual disease) study results during early consolidation.

Details
Condition childhood ALL, Lymphocytic Leukemia, Acute, Philadelphia Chromosome-Negative B-Cell Precursor, Philadelphia Chromosome-Negative B-Cell Precursor, Philadelphia Chromosome-Negative B-Cell Precursor, Philadelphia Chromosome-Negative B-Cell Precursor, leukemia, acute lymphoblastic, acute lymphoid leukaemia, acute lymphocytic leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia (all), Philadelphia Chromosome-Negative B-Cell Precursor
Treatment Chemotherapy + Blinatumomab
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03367299
SponsorGruppo Italiano Malattie EMatologiche dell'Adulto
Last Modified on24 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Signed written informed consent according to ICH/EU/GCP and national local laws
Age 18-65 years
A diagnosis of untreated Ph- CD19+ BCP ALL is required, either de novo or secondary to chemo-radiotherapy for another cancer. Pre-treatment with low-dose corticosteroids in patients presenting with hyperleukocytosis is allowed. Before enrolment and pre-phase is allowed only in patients presenting with severe, potentially life-threatening disease-related clinical symptoms. All diagnostic procedures need to be performed on freshly obtained bone marrow (BM) and peripheral blood (PB) samples
Full cytological, cytochemical, immunophenotypic, cytogenetic and molecular disease characterization according to the EGIL and WHO classifications
BM and PB sampling for MRD evaluations study. Detailed indications on patient registration, storage of representative diagnostic material and diagnostic work-up, including the shipping of samples for the diagnostic work-up and MRD follow-up studies are given in Appendix A
An ECOG performance status 0-2, unless a performance of 3 is unequivocally caused by the disease itself, (and not by pre-existing comorbidities,) and is considered and/or documented to be reversible following the application of anti-leukemic therapy and appropriate supportive measures

Exclusion Criteria

Diagnosis of Burkitt's leukemia/lymphoma, CD19- BCP ALL, Ph+ ALL, T-ALL, lymphoblastic lymphoma (BM involvement by blast cells <25%)
Active CNS leukemia documented by diagnostic lumbar puncture on days -1 to -5 prior to the first blinatumomab administration, or any other clinical sign or symptom ascribable to symptomatic/documented CNS disease at time of each planned blinatumomab course
Down's syndrome
A pre-existing, uncontrolled pathology such as heart failure (congestive/ischemic, acute myocardial infarction within the past 3 months, untreatable arrhythmias, NYHA classes III and IV), severe liver disease with serum bilirubin >3 mg/dL and/or ALT >3 x upper normal limit (unless attributable to ALL), kidney function impairment with serum creatinine >2 mg/dL (unless attributable to ALL), and severe neuropsychiatric disorder that impairs the patient's ability to understand and sign the informed consent, or to cope with the intended treatment plan. N.B. For altered liver and kidney function tests, eligibility criteria can be reassessed at 24-96 hours, following the institution of adequate supportive measures
Presence of serious, active, uncontrolled infections
Pre-existing HIV positive serology (i.e. already known before enrolment). If HIV positivity is detected after enrolment, the patient is put off study
A history of cancer that is not in a remission phase following surgery and/or radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy, with a life expectancy <1 year
Pregnancy declared by the patient, unless a decision is taken with the patient to induce a therapeutic abortion in order to carry on with the ALL therapy. A pregnancy test is performed at diagnosis, but does not preclude the enrolment into study. Fertile patients will be advised to adopt contraceptive methods while on treatment
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