Last updated on February 2018

Myocardial Function and Vitamin D Supplementation in Diabetes.


Brief description of study

Vitamin D deficiency is recognized as a cardiovascular risk factor. Diabetic patients are of major risk for cardiovascular diseases and typically present with Vitamin D deficiencies. Myocardial function is altered in both type I and II diabetic patients but no data is today available on the effect of Vitamin D supplementation.

The aim of the study will be to investigate myocardial function (by deformation imaging techniques) at rest and during low-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography in both type I and II diabetic patients. Within each diabetic population, myocardial function will be compared at baseline between the vitamin D deficient and non-deficient individuals. Furthermore, the investigators will study the effect of a 3 month supplementation in those with deficiencies.

Detailed Study Description

Rationale

Vitamin D exerts a principal role in homeostasis of calcium and phosphorus. However, recent studies indicated also its important function in cell differentiation, proliferation and growth as well as regulation of the immune system.

Vitamin Deficiency is today recognized as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Diabetic patients are of major risk for CVD. They typically present with Vitamin D deficiencies. Experimental studies have established as a result of Vitamin D deficiency alterations in intrinsic cardiac contractile and relaxation properties, hypertrophy and fibrosis. Regional myocardial function is altered in both type I and II diabetic patients. In type II diabetic individuals, myocardial dysfunction is furthermore exacerbated in those with Vitamin D deficiency compared to those with normal levels. In patients free from CV risk and deficient in Vitamin D, regional myocardial function improved after Vitamin D supplementation. To the best of our knowledge, no scientific study is today available on the effect of Vitamin D supplementation on regional myocardial function in diabetic patients deficient in vitamin D.

Objectives and Methodology:

  • To compare regional myocardial linear deformation and torsion, at rest and in response to a DB stress in diabetic patients deficient and non-deficient in Vitamin D.
  • To evaluate the impact of vitamin D supplementation in those with vitamin D deficiency.

All the diabetic patients will benefit from a clinical (medical history, drug therapy, ECG, blood pressure, ...), anthropometric (abdominal obesity indices) and biological (carbohydrate and lipid balance, markers of inflammation and heart failure, vitamin D glucose and insulin status) evaluation. In addition, conventional echocardiography (remodelling and global diastolic and systolic function) complemented by a functional analysis by tissue Doppler imaging will be performed. Furthermore, 2D cine loops will be recorded in the apical 4, 3 and 2- chamber views for the assessment of regional myocardial longitudinal deformations as well as in the parasternal short axis (base, mid and apex) for the evaluation of circumferential deformations and basal and apical rotation and torsion, at rest and under low dose dobutamine (110 and 120 bpm).

Vitamin D supplementation:

Patients with vitamin D deficiency will be investigated before and after a 3 month cholecalciferol supplementation.

For this purpose 25-OH-D3 with be evaluated at baseline.

  • Patients with 29 25-OH-D3 20 ng/mL will receive 200 000 UI orally the first month (100 000 UI at T0 + 100 000 UI at T0+15 days, UVEDOSE Laboratoires Crinex, Montrouge, France) followed thereafter for the last 2 months by one daily dose (5 drops orally = 1 000 UI/day, DDROGYL , DB Pharma, La Varenne-Saint-Hilaire, France).
  • Patients with : 19 25-OH-D3 10 ng/mL will receive orally 300 000 UI (100 000 UI at T0 + 100 000 UI at T0+23days + 100 000 UI at T0+45days; UVEDOSE Laboratoires Crinex, Montrouge, France) followed thereafter for the last month by one daily dose (5 drops orally =1 000 UI/day, DDROGYL , DB Pharma, La Varenne-Saint-Hilaire, France).
  • Patients with : 25-OH-D3 <10 ng/mL will receive orally 400 000 UI (100 000 UI at T0 + 100 000 UI at T0+15days + 100 000 UI at T0+30 days + 100 000 UI at T0+45days, UVEDOSE Laboratoires Crinex, Montrouge, France) followed thereafter for the last month by one daily dose (5 drops orally =1 000 UI/day, DDROGYL , DB Pharma, La Varenne-Saint-Hilaire, France).

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03437421

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