Last updated on December 2019

A Study to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Vamorolone in Boys With Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD)


Brief description of study

Brief Summary: This Phase IIb study is a randomized, double-blind, parallel group, placebo and active-controlled study to evaluate the efficacy, safety, PD, and population PK of vamorolone administered orally at daily doses of 2.0 mg/kg and 6.0 mg/kg versus prednisone 0.75 mg/kg/day and placebo over a Treatment Period of 24 weeks, and to evaluate persistence of effect over a Treatment Period of 48 weeks in ambulant boys ages 4 to <7 years with DMD.

Detailed Study Description

This Phase IIb study is a randomized, double-blind, parallel group, placebo and active-controlled study to evaluate the efficacy, safety, PD, and population PK of vamorolone administered orally at daily doses of 2.0 mg/kg and 6.0 mg/kg versus prednisone 0.75 mg/kg/day and placebo over a Treatment Period of 24 weeks, and to evaluate persistence of effect over a Treatment Period of 48 weeks in ambulant boys ages 4 to <7 years with DMD.

The study is comprised of a 5-week Pretreatment Screening Period, a 1-day Pretreatment Baseline Period, a 24-week Treatment Period #1 (Weeks 1-24), a 4-week Transition Period (Weeks 25-28), a 20-week Treatment Period #2 (Weeks 28 + 1 day to 48), and a 4-week Dose-tapering Period (Weeks 49-52).

Subjects will be randomized to one of six treatment groups in a 2:2:1:1:1:1 ratio, where the two prednisone groups in Treatment Period #1 (Groups 3 and 4) will be combined and the two placebo groups in Treatment Period #1 (Groups 5 and 6) will be combined, effectively resulting in a 1:1:1:1 randomization (vamorolone 2.0 mg/kg/day : vamorolone 6.0 mg/kg/day : prednisone 0.75 mg/kg/day : placebo) for Treatment Period #1.

Subjects will be stratified based on age at study entry (<6 vs. 6 years). During the 4-week Transition Period between Treatment Period #1 and Treatment Period #2, all subjects will continue on the same oral suspension (vamorolone 2.0 mg/kg or 6.0 mg/kg, or matching placebo) they received during Treatment Period #1 and all subjects will have their tablet dose tapered to zero. Thus, subjects randomized to receive vamorolone during Treatment Period #1 (Groups 1 and 2) will continue to receive vamorolone at the same dose, while subjects randomized to receive prednisone will have their dose tapered to zero, and subjects randomized to placebo will continue to receive placebo.

The prednisone group will be used as an active control comparison for safety and efficacy endpoints as requested by the European Medicines Agency (EMA). The placebo group will be used as comparator for efficacy endpoints (superiority model) as requested by the EMA and Food and Drug Administration (FDA) protocol advisory board. Although glucocorticoids are part of the care recommendations for DMD, their adverse effect profile has limited their use. The age at which glucocorticoids should be started in DMD boys is uncertain, ranging from 4 to 7 years, based on a balance between benefits and side effects. In view of the age inclusion criteria and duration of the placebo-controlled study period (6 months), the use of a placebo group has been considered acceptable as in clinical practice it will not cause a real delay in prescription of an accepted treatment for this condition. Any exposure of placebo longer than 6 months was considered unethical.

At the end of the Treatment Period #2, subjects may be given access to vamorolone through an additional study or general access program, or given the option to transition to standard of care treatment for DMD (may include glucocorticoids). Subjects completing VBP15-004 and enrolling directly into an additional vamorolone study or general access program to receive vamorolone will not need to taper their vamorolone dose prior to enrollment. All other subjects will begin a 4-week double-blind Dose-tapering Period during which the dose of study medication will be progressively reduced and discontinued.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03439670

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