Last updated on October 2018

Effectiveness of Light-emitting Diode (LED) Photobiomodulation in the Extraction of Retained Lower Third Molars

Brief description of study

In dentistry, one of the most common surgical procedures is the removal of included third molars. This surgery generates great morbidity to patients for causing pain, edema and trismus due to surgical trauma. The use of photobiomodulation (PBM) (low-power laser or light emitting diode - LED) in the postoperative of these procedures has shown excellent results in the control of postoperative sequelae. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the effectiveness of PBM with LED in the control of pain, facial edema, trismus and quality of life resulting from the extraction of retained lower third molars. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial involving 34 adult patients, who search the Discipline of Buccomaxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology (CTBMF) II of FO-UFRGS for the removal of included lower third molars will be conducted. Before and after the surgeries, the facial and mouth opening measurements of all patients will be done. Immediately after the surgeries, the patients will be randomized by means of envelopes in two groups. In the LED group the patients will receive daily LED applications (intra oral with 660nm and extra oral with 850nm) from the immediate postoperative to 7 days after the surgical procedure. In the control group the patients will be treated in the same way as in the LED group, however, the person in charge of the application will simulate intraoral and extraoral irradiation with the LED kept off. Pain (EVA and NRS-101), postoperative edema, trismus, temperature, dysphagia and hematomas, as well as the impact of the surgical procedure on patients' quality of life will be evaluated after 1, 2, 5 and 7 days. For the analysis of the oral health impact profile (OHIP-14 Questionnaire) and anxiety analysis (Beck anxiety inventory -BAI) the questionnaires will be applied preoperatively and 7 days after treatment. Initial descriptive analyzes will be performed considering all variables measured in the study, both quantitative (mean and standard deviation) and qualitative (frequencies and percentages). Later, the appropriate statistical tests will be applied for each specific analysis. In all tests, the significance level of 5% probability or the corresponding p-value will be adopted. All analyzes will be performed using the statistical software SAS for Windows, version 9.1.3.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03442166

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São Paulo, Brazil
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Recruitment Status: Open

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