Last updated on March 2019

INternational ORthopaedic MUlticenter Study in Fracture Care (INORMUS)

Brief description of study

Background: Worldwide, injuries from trauma represent a major public health problem. The World Health Organization (WHO) has deemed this problem as one of the most important global priorities, calling 2011-2020 the 'Decade of Action for Road Safety'. Despite this, there is little empirical data in low and middle-income countries quantifying the burden of musculoskeletal injuries.

Methods: INORMUS is a global, prospective, multi-center, observational cohort study. The primary objective of the study is to determine the mortality, re-operation and infection rates of musculoskeletal trauma patients within 30 days post-hospital admission. The INORMUS study seeks to enroll 40,000 patients from low-middle income countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America.

Detailed Study Description

Number of Participants:


Primary Research Objectives:

To determine among adult individuals admitted to hospital with musculoskeletal trauma (e.g. fractures or dislocations):

  1. The incidence of major complications (mortality, re-operation and infection) as a composite outcome and as individual components within 30 days post-hospital admission.
  2. The factors (system and patient variables) associated with the composite of major complications (mortality, re-operation and infection) within 30 days post-hospital admission.

Secondary Research Objective:

To determine the rates of major complications within 30 days post-hospital admission by type of fracture treatment provided (e.g. splinting versus operative fixation).

Diagnosis and Main Inclusion Criteria:

This study has minimal exclusion criteria by design. All patients 18 years of age or older admitted to a recruiting hospital for treatment of an orthopaedic injury that occurred within 3 months will be eligible for participation. Patients who are diagnosed with an orthopaedic fracture, dislocation, or fracture dislocation of the appendicular skeleton or spine will be included.

Study Outcomes:

The primary outcome is mortality within 30 days from hospital admission for all of our research objectives. The secondary outcomes are re-operation and infection within 30 days from hospital admission.

Duration of Patient Follow-Up:

Study participants will be followed until 30 days post hospital admission.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02150980

Find a site near you

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Black Lion Hospital

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
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CMC Ludhiana

Ludhiana, India
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Hospital de Cl nicas - UNICAMP

São José dos Campos, Brazil
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Helen Joseph Hospital

Johannesburg, South Africa
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Cho Ray Hospital

Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
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Recruitment Status: Open

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