Investigation of the Correlation Between Plasma Concentration of Linezolid Antibiotic and Treatment Response and Adverse Reactions

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 31, 2023
  • participants needed
    1000
  • sponsor
    National Taiwan University Hospital
Updated on 23 March 2022
tuberculosis
neuropathy

Summary

Linezolid is the second line agent in the treatment of MRSA and PRSP infections, and it is also the drug of choice for VRE infections. It can be an alternative option against multidrug resistant tuberculosis and non-tuberculosis mycobacterium. However, Patients who receive more than 2 weeks of treatment duration and who have renal dysfunction or severe cirrhosis may prone to experience anemia, thrombocytopenia, and leukopenia. Long-term use may also result in lactic acidosis, peripheral neuropathy and optic neuropathy due to mitochondrial toxicity. Thus, this study will analysis the medical charts in National Taiwan University Hospital (NTUH) from 2011 to 2016 to get the population demographics who use linezolid and analysis the occurrence rate of myelosuppression, neuropathy and lactic acidosis. Simultaneously, the investigators also use therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) to prospectively evaluate the association of linezolid blood concentration and clinical efficacy and safety. The result of this study will provide physicians more information to prevent concentration-dependent adverse effects.

Description

The increasing resistance of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), and penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae (PRSP) has caused significant medical issue. With limited antimicrobial agents available, it has been an increasing challenge in infection control and disease treatment. Linezolid is the second line antibiotics in the treatment of MRSA and PRSP infections, and it is also the drug of choice for VRE infections. It can be an alternative against multidrug resistant tuberculosis and non-tuberculosis mycobacterium. Linezolid has almost 100% of bioavailability. It has excellent tissue penetration. It metabolized via non-enzymatic oxidation. Two major metabolites, aminoethoxyacetic acid (chemical name) and hydroxyethyl glycine (chemical name), are final forms before excreted through kidneys. Even though the manufacturer does not recommend dosing adjustment for patients with renal or hepatic dysfunction, recent studies demonstrated accumulation of linezolid and 2 metabolites in the body. Patients who receive more than 2 weeks of treatment duration and who have renal dysfunction or severe cirrhosis may present higher plasma linezolid concentration. Patients may experience anemia, thrombocytopenia, and leukopenia under long-term use of linezolid. However, there is lack of study on lactic acidosis, peripheral neuropathy, and optic neuropathy due to mitochondrial toxicity.

This study has two parts. This study will analysis the medical charts in NTUH from 2011 to 2016 to get the population demographics who use linezolid and the occurrence rate of myelosuppression, neuropathy and lactic acidosis. Then, followed by a prospective study which aim is to monitor the plasma peak and trough concentration of linezolid (total and free drug) and 2 metabolites by different sample collecting method (plasma, dry blood spot; DBS). If clinical necessity, the investigators may also monitor tissue fluid concentration. Clinical response and toxicity were monitored by liquid chromatography (LC) analysis. The investigators plan to evaluate the association between plasma concentration and toxicity including bone marrow suppression, peripheral neuropathy, and lactic acidosis. It is important to determine if dose adjustment in patients with renal and/or hepatic dysfunction is required. Simultaneously, the investigators want to develop DBS method which can ease patients' uncomfortable sense and simplify the drug monitor process. The result of this study will provide physicians more information to prevent concentration-dependent adverse effects.

Details
Condition Myelosuppression, Lactic Acidosis, Peripheral Neuropathy
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03126890
SponsorNational Taiwan University Hospital
Last Modified on23 March 2022

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