Feto-Endoscopic Tracheal Occlusion (FETO) for Left Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (FETO)

  • End date
    Dec 12, 2026
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati
Updated on 25 February 2022
diaphragmatic hernia
pulmonary hypoplasia
congenital diaphragmatic hernia
Accepts healthy volunteers


Tracheal occlusion IDE approved by FDA for congenital diaphragmatic hernia fetuses.


Fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia with liver-up, and an observed to expected lung-to-head ratio of <25%, LHR <1, or a moderate category with o/e LHR <30%, singleton pregnancy, no known other anomalies, gestational age < 29 weeks 6 days (severe), gestational age < 31 weeks 6 days (moderate), no maternal disease, maternal age > 18 years old. meet criteria to be offered fetal tracheal occlusion. We want to test feasibility and efficacy in our center.

Condition Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia, Pulmonary Hypoplasia, Pulmonary; Hypertension
Treatment Fetal Tracheal Occlusion
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT02986087
SponsorChildren's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati
Last Modified on25 February 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Isolated CDH with liver up
Severe pulmonary hypoplasia with ultrasound O/E LHR <25% at the time of surgery
Gestational age at FETO procedure 27 weeks 0 days to 29 weeks 6 days
Moderate pulmonary hypoplasia with ultrasound O/E LHR <30% and liver-up at the time of surgery
Gestational age at FETO procedure 30 weeks 0 days to 31 weeks 6 days in this moderate category
Maternal age greater than or equal to 18 years
Gestational age at enrollment prior to 29 weeks 6 days, or 31 weeks 6 days in moderate category
Normal karyotype or FISH
Normal fetal echocardiogram
Singleton pregnancy
Willing to remain in the greater Cincinnati area for remainder of pregnancy
Family considered and decline option of termination of the pregnancy at less than 24 weeks 0 days
Family meets psychosocial criteria

Exclusion Criteria

Patient < 18 years old
Multi-fetal pregnancy
Rubber latex allergy
Preterm labor, cervix shortened (<15 mm) or uterine anomaly strongly predisposing to preterm labor, placenta previa
Right sided CDH, Bilateral CDH, isolated left sided CDH with an O/E > 30%
Additional fetal anomaly by ultrasound, MRI, or echocardiogram
Chromosomal abnormalities
Maternal contraindications to fetoscopic surgery or severe maternal condition in pregnancy
Incompetent cervix with or without a cerclage
Placental abnormalities known at time of enrollment
Maternal HIV, Hepatits B, Hepatitis C
Maternal uterine anomaly
No safe or technically feasible fetoscopic approach to balloon placement
Participation in another intervention study that influences maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality or participation in this trial in a previous pregnancy
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