Use of Adenosine to Determine the Electrophysiological Mechanism of Premature Ventricular Contractions

  • End date
    Dec 31, 2022
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Updated on 4 June 2021


Unblinded, controlled, non-randomized, mechanistic study to determine whether physiological mechanisms underlying PVC are sensitive to adenosine. One hundred subjects undergoing clinically-indicated, standard-of-care cardiac electrophysiology study (EPS) procedure for PVCs will receive adenosine and/or verapamil to learn if their arrhythmias are inducible similarly to sustained ventricular tachycardia.


The cellular mechanism of premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) is unknown. The investigators have previously observed that 5% of patients in the investigators electrophysiology laboratory with ventricular outflow tract PVCs have inducible sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) that behaves in a manner similar to patients who present clinically with sustained ventricular tachycardia, i.e., sensitive to adenosine and triggered activity. This suggests that outflow arrhythmias may be a continuum of a single mechanism.

Adenosine is known to terminate ventricular arrhythmias that are due to triggered activity (ref Lerman). To study the effects of adenosine on PVC, the investigators will administer Verapamil to slow down the heart initially and adenosine after catheters are introduced to patients who are being treated for symptomatic PVC and have consented to treatment with an invasive electrophysiology study and catheter ablation. The investigators will observe if there is any effect of reduced PVC following adenosine administration.

The investigators hypothesize that PVC will be suppressed by exogenous adenosine and/or verapamil. The information from this study will elucidate the underlying cellular mechanism of this common arrhythmia. Such knowledge could potentially lead to developing therapeutic targets. Moreover, it will have potential clinical applications for inducing outflow tract PVCs/VT in patients whose arrhythmia is suppressed at the time of their invasive electrophysiology study.

Analysis of the Holter recording of premature ventricular contractions:

Analysis of the PVC coupling intervals can be helpful for delineating the mechanism of PVCs. Holter monitors are being obtained on these patients prior to ablation as part of standard of care. Holters monitors, if performed at our institution, will be analyzed in detail in a retrospective fashion. Holter reports from 1/1/2015 - 5/15/2019 will be reviewed.

Specifically, evaluating the time intervals between PVCs and normal heart beats may elucidate potential arrhythmia mechanism as triggered activity or modulated parasystole. Since a subject has approximately 100,000 heart beats in 24 hours, the Holter data have to be read by a converter file and outputted to an Excel file for our further analysis. The investigators do not have access to a converter file and it is not commercially available. The investigators will send the de-identified data to Dr. Mortara at UCSF. The investigators will then analyze the timing intervals among PVCs and normal heart beats. It should be noted that these Holters are obtained as part of a patient's normal evaluation and are not obtained for the purposes of this study.

Condition Premature ventricular contractions, ventricular extrasystoles
Treatment Adenosine
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03218137
SponsorWeill Medical College of Cornell University
Last Modified on4 June 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Diagnosis of premature ventricular contractions (PVCs)
Scheduled to undergo an electrophysiology study with the intention of performing cardiac ablation for the treatment of PVCs
Male or female between the ages of 18 and 70 years
Capable of giving informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

Any structural heart disease
Coronary artery disease ( 70% stenosis)
Current treatment with anti-arrhythmic drugs
Asthma (if administering adenosine)
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a site
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact


Preferred Language
Other Language
Please verify that you are not a bot.

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider


Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 



Reply by • Private

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note