Last updated on January 2020

Bone Marrow Transplantation vs Standard of Care in Patients With Severe Sickle Cell Disease (BMT CTN 1503)


Brief description of study

This is a clinical trial that will compare survival and sickle related outcomes in adolescents and young adults with severe sickle cell disease after bone marrow transplantation and standard of care. The primary outcome is 2-year overall survival.

Detailed Study Description

This is a prospective phase II multi-center trial of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation or standard of care based on availability of HLA-matched related or unrelated donor after confirmation of clinical eligibility. In order to minimize bias assignment to either treatment arm, clinical eligibility to both treatment arms are similar and donor availability is not known at referral. HLA typing and donor search is initiated upon confirmation of clinical eligibility for the study. Additionally, all analyses of primary and secondary endpoints will follow the Intent-to-Treat principle to address potential bias introduced by participants with donors not proceeding to transplantation or those without a matched donor receiving transplantation with less well-matched donors.

The primary outcome is 2-year overall survival. Our hypothesis is that patients who receive bone marrow transplantation will experience early deaths but that this will plateau by 2 years after transplantation. Patients who receive standard of care will not experience early death but will succumb to their disease at a rate much higher than the general population. Therefore, the goal of the study is to establish that the difference in the proportion of patients surviving is not significantly more than 15% lower in the donor arm at 2-years after assignment to treatment arm.

Secondary endpoints will compare changes in sickle cell disease related events (pulmonary hypertension, cerebrovascular events, renal function, avascular necrosis, leg ulcer) and functional outcomes [6-minute walk distance (6MWD), health-related quality of life, cardiac function, pulmonary function, and mean pain intensity as assessed by a multidimensional electronic pain diary] from baseline to 2-years after assignment to treatment arms.

Additionally for patients assigned to the donor arm and expected to undergo transplantation, hematopoietic recovery, graft rejection, acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease, other significant transplant-related complications and disease-free survival will be reported.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02766465

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Cohen Children's Medical Center

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