A Study of Lorlatinib in Advanced ALK and ROS1 Rearranged Lung Cancer With CNS Metastasis in the Absence of Measurable Extracranial Lesions

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    May 18, 2023
  • participants needed
    30
  • sponsor
    Massachusetts General Hospital
Updated on 25 February 2022
platelet count
lipase
serum bilirubin level
KIT
metastasis
neutrophil count
ROS1
EGFR
brain metastases
cancer chemotherapy
platinum-based chemotherapy
kidney function test
lung carcinoma
proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase ros

Summary

This research study is studying a drug as a possible treatment for ALK-positive or ROS1-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

The following drug will be involved in this study :

  • Lorlatinib

Description

This research study is a Phase II clinical trial. Phase II clinical trials test the safety and effectiveness of an investigational drug to learn whether the drug works in treating a specific disease. "Investigational" means that the drug is being studied. The FDA (the U.S. Food and Drug Administration) has not approved Lorlatinib as a treatment for any disease.

All participants in this study will receive Lorlatinib. Lorlatinib targets the abnormal ALK or ROS1 proteins in NSCLC cells. Lorlatinib has been tested in other research studies and results show that the medicine may help to control the growth of NSCLC even after it has spread to the CNS. The CNS is a term used to refer to the brain and spinal cord, including the lining of the brain and spinal cord which is called the meninges.

In this research study, the investigators are trying to determine whether lorlatinib is effective in controlling the growth of cancer cells after they have spread to the CNS. Another purpose of this study is to determine why the cancer cells that have spread to the participant CNS have continued to grow despite treatment with other drugs. For this reason, blood samples will be collected as part of this study to assess the DNA released by the participants cancer cells into their blood when the cells travel to other sites in their body.

Details
Condition Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)
Treatment Lorlatinib
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT02927340
SponsorMassachusetts General Hospital
Last Modified on25 February 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of metastatic NSCLC (Stage IV, American Joint Committee on Cancer v7.0) that carries an ALK rearrangement, as determined by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved FISH test, using Vysis ALK Break apart fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) Probe Kit (defined as 15% or more positive tumor cells), or the Ventana immunohistochemistry (IHC) test, or a ROS1 rearrangement as determined by FISH or reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) or Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) via a local diagnostic test (LDT)
ALK positive NSCLC patients must either be treatment naive in the advanced setting or have had disease progression on or intolerance to at least 1 previous ALK inhibitor. ROS1 positive NSCLC patients must either be treatment naive in the advanced setting or have had disease progression on or intolerance to at least 1 previous ROS1 inhibitor
Presence of radiographically suspected leptomeningeal disease (LM) or carcinomatous meningitis (CM) AND/OR presence of at least one CNS lesion for which the following criteria are met
For patients without leptomeningeal disease: presence of at least one parenchymal CNS lesion that is at least 5 mm in size. Note: Intra-cranial disease assessments can only be performed using contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MRI scan slices of 1 mm are necessary for brain metastases between 5 and 10 mm in size
The lesion(s) must be newly diagnosed or be present as progression after local therapy, including surgery and/or radiation therapy. For patients who have received local therapy, progression of pre-existing lesions based on RECIST v1.1 (>20% increase in longest diameter on baseline scan) or new lesions are required
Participants who are receiving corticosteroids must be on a stable or decreasing dose for at least 2 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment
For patients with suspected LM or CM based on imaging, spinal fluid sampling for confirmation is not required. For patients who do undergo spinal fluid sampling, those with negative spinal fluid (CSF) are eligible to enter
Age 18 years
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 2 (Karnofsky 60%)
Life expectancy of 12 weeks, in the opinion of the investigator
Adequate hematologic function, including
Platelet count 100 x 109/L
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) 1,500/L
Hemoglobin 9 g/dL
Adequate renal function, including
Serum creatinine 1.5x the upper limit of normal (ULN) or an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) calculated using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation of at least 45 mL/min/1.73 m2
Adequate pancreatic function, including
Serum lipase 1.5x ULN
Adequate liver function, including
Total serum bilirubin 1.5x ULN
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) 3.0x ULN in the absence of known metastatic involvement of the liver or AST and ALT 5.0x ULN if there is metastatic liver involvement
Alkaline phosphatase 2.5x ULN in the absence of known bone metastases or 5.0x ULN in the case of bone metastases
After progression on or intolerance to prior ALK or ROS inhibitor therapy
A minimum washout period of at least 5 half-lives between the last dose of ALK or ROS inhibitor therapy and the first dose of study treatment is required. A shorter washout period may be considered in the event of disease flare, after discussion with the Sponsor
Patients must have recovered from treatment toxicities to Grade 1 or to their pretreatment levels except for adverse events (AEs) that in the investigator's judgment do not constitute a safety risk for the patient
Patients can either be chemotherapy-naive or have received at least one line of platinum-based chemotherapy for locally advanced or metastatic disease. Acute effects of therapy must have resolved to baseline severity or to CTCAE grade 1 except for AEs that in the investigator's judgment do not constitute a safety risk for the patient
Recovery from effects of any major surgery or significant traumatic injury at least 28 days before the first dose of study treatment
For all women of childbearing potential, a negative pregnancy test must be obtained at the baseline visit before starting study treatment
For women who are not postmenopausal ( 12 months of non-therapy-induced amenorrhea) or surgically sterile (absence of ovaries and/or uterus): agreement to remain abstinent or use two adequate methods of contraception, including at least one method with a failure rate of < 1% per year, during the treatment period and for at least 90 days after the last dose of study drug
Abstinence is only acceptable if it is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, or post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception
Examples of contraceptive methods with a failure rate of < 1% per year include tubal ligation, male sterilization, hormonal implants, established, proper use of combined oral or injected hormonal contraceptives, and certain intrauterine devices. Alternatively, two methods (e.g., two barrier methods such as a condom and a cervical cap) may be combined to achieve a failure rate of <1% per year. Barrier methods must always be supplemented with the use of a spermicide
For men: agreement to remain abstinent or use a barrier method of contraception (e.g., condom) during the treatment period and for at least 90 days after the last dose of study drug and agreement to refrain from donating sperm during this same period
Men with a pregnant partner must agree to remain abstinent or use a condom for the duration of the pregnancy
Abstinence is only acceptable if it is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, or postovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception
Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria

Prior use of lorlatinib (PF-06463922)
Presence of measurable extracranial disease by RECIST v1.1
Spinal cord compression is excluded unless the patient demonstrates good pain control attained through therapy and there is stabilization or recovery of neurological function for two weeks prior to study entry
Major surgery within 4 weeks of study entry. Minor surgical procedures (eg port insertion, pleurex catheter placement) are not excluded, but sufficient time should have passed for wound healing
Radiation therapy (except palliative to relieve bone pain) within 7 days of study entry. Palliative radiation ( 10 fractions) must have been completed at least 48 hours prior to study entry. Stereotactic or small field brain irradiation must have been completed at least 7 days prior to study entry. Whole brain radiation must have been completed at least 2 weeks prior to study entry
Systemic anti-cancer therapy completed within a minimum of 5 half-lives of study entry
Active and clinically significant bacterial, fungal, or viral infection including hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV), known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related illness
Any one of the following currently or in the previous 3 months: myocardial infarction, congenital long QT syndrome, Torsades de Pointes, uncontrolled arrhythmias (including sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmia and ventricular fibrillation), right bundle branch block and left anterior fascicular hemiblock (bifascicular block), unstable angina, coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft, symptomatic congestive heart failure (CHF New York Heart Association Classification III or IV) , cerebrovascular accident, transient ischemic attack or symptomatic pulmonary embolism not adequate medically managed with anticoagulants, ongoing cardiac dysrhythmias of CTCAE grade 2, symptomatic atrial fibrillation of any grade, corrected QT (QTc) interval 481 msec at screening
Patients with predisposing characteristics for acute pancreatitis according to investigator judgment (eg current gallstone disease, alcoholism)
History of extensive, disseminated, bilateral or presence of Grade 3 or 4 interstitial fibrosis or interstitial lung disease including pneumonitis, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, interstitial pneumonia, interstitial lung disease, obliterative bronchiolitis and pulmonary fibrosis. Patients with history of prior radiation pneumonitis are not excluded
Participants who are receiving any other investigational agents
Active inflammatory gastrointestinal disease or previous gastric resection or lap band
Pregnant or lactating women
Patients with a history of organ transplant including high dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell rescue
Current use or anticipated need for food or drugs that are known strong or moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, including their administration within 10 days prior to the first lorlatinib dose (ie, strong CYP3A4 inhibitors: grapefruit juice or grapefruit/grapefruit related citrus fruits [eg, Seville oranges, pomelos], ketoconazole, miconazole, itraconazole, voriconazole, posaconazole, clarithromycin, telithromycin, indinavir, saquinavir, ritonavir, nelfinavir, amprenavir, fosamprenavir nefazodone, lopinavir, troleandomycin, mibefradil, and conivaptan; Moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors: erythromycin, verapamil, atazanavir, delavirdine, fluconazole, darunavir, diltiazem, aprepitant, imatinib, tofisopam, ciprofloxacin, cimetidine)
Current use or anticipated need for drugs that are known strong CYP3A4 inducers, including their administration within 12 days prior to the first lorlatinib dose (ie, phenobarbital, rifampin, phenytoin, carbamazepine, rifabutin, rifapentin, clevidipine, St. John's Wort)
Concurrent use of drugs that are CYP3A4 substrates with narrow therapeutic indices such as astemizole, terfenadine, cisapride, pimozide, quinidine, tacrolimus, cyclosporine, sirolimus, (alfentanil and fentanyl, including transdermal patch) or ergot alkaloids (ergotamine, dihydroergotamine) is not permitted or caution is warranted
Concurrent use of drugs that are CYP2C9 substrates with narrow therapeutic indices, such as warfarin, phenytoin or a sensitive substrate such as celecoxib is not permitted or caution is warranted
Concurrent use of drugs that are sensitive CYP2B6 substrates, such as bupropion, efavirenz is not permitted or caution is warranted
History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to lorlatinib
Other severe acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition, including
recent (within the past year) or active suicidal ideation or behavior, or
laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with study
participation or investigational product administration or may interfere with
the interpretation of study results and, in the judgment of the investigator
would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study
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