Gastric Electrical Stimulation (GES) and Pyloroplasty for the Treatment of Gastroparesis (GES+PP)

  • End date
    May 15, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, El Paso
Updated on 20 April 2022
abdominal pain
electrical stimulation
gastric retention
gastric disorder


Gastroparesis (GP) is describing a condition when stomach does not empty as fast as it should. This fact creates the situation, when food stays in the stomach for a long time and it causes symptoms of nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, bloating, inability to finish normal size meal and abdominal pain. There are not many drugs available to treat this condition and majority of gastroparetic patients are not responding well to them after they are on it for some time. Many investigators are able to implant Gastric Stimulator System (GES) under FDA approved status of Humanitarian Device Exemption (HDE) definition. In the last few years it became possible to add another surgical procedure, which is called pyloroplasty (making bigger opening on the end of stomach), may help even more as it is also increasing the rate of the emptying of the stomach. Therefore this study is proposing to evaluate if GES in combination with pyloroplasty is much better than pyloroplasty alone. For this reason, two of these procedures will be introduced surgically at the same time, but GES devices will not be turn ON in half of these participants for 3 months. After that time all subjects will have their devices turned ON. All subjects will be asked to evaluate their symptoms of gastroparesis and their quality of life during clinical visits, and investigators will conduct pathological analyses of tissue obtained during surgery.


GES system (Enterra Therapy) involves surgical implantation of a pulse generator in the abdominal wall and 2 electrodes into the muscularis propria of the stomach. Well established procedure, called pyloroplasty, will be performed during the implantation of GES system, therefore all participants will have both surgeries done at the same time. Half of them will be randomized to keep GES ON after surgery, and other half will have GES turned OFF for 3 months.

Both groups will be followed for additional 3 more months. Study related questionnaires and diagnostic/ clinical tests will be obtained at all points of interest of this study.

Condition Gastroparesis
Treatment Gastric Electrical Stimulation (GES) system
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03123809
SponsorTexas Tech University Health Sciences Center, El Paso
Last Modified on20 April 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Documented diagnosis of GP for > 1 year and refractoriness to anti-emetics and prokinetics; more than 7 emetic episodes per week
Delayed GE (gastric retention greater than 60% at 2 h and/or greater than 10% at 4 h) based on a 4-h standardized radionuclide solid meal test

Exclusion Criteria

Organic or pseudo-obstruction, primary eating or swallowing disorders, positive pregnancy test result, psychogenic vomiting, peritoneal dialysis, drug dependent, morbid obesity, active malignancy
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