Overnight Trials With Heat Stress in Autonomic Failure Patients With Supine Hypertension

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • days left to enroll
    32
  • participants needed
    20
  • sponsor
    Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Updated on 25 March 2022
hypertension
parkinson's disease
multiple system atrophy
orthostatic hypotension
pure autonomic failure

Summary

Patients with autonomic failure are characterized by disabling orthostatic hypotension (low blood pressure on standing), and at least half of them also have high blood pressure while lying down (supine hypertension). Exposure to heat, such as in hot environments, often worsens their orthostatic hypotension. The causes of this are not fully understood. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether applying local heat over the abdomen of patients with autonomic failure and supine hypertension during the night would decrease their nocturnal high blood pressure while lying down. This will help us better understand the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon, and may be of use in the treatment of supine hypertension.

Description

Primary autonomic failure is a neurodegenerative condition characterized by loss of efferent sympathetic function and severe baroreflex impairment. The clinical hallmark of autonomic failure is disabling orthostatic hypotension, but at least half of patients are also hypertensive while lying down. This supine hypertension can be severe and associated with end-organ damage and worsening of orthostatic hypotension due to increased pressure natriuresis. It also complicates the management of these patients by limiting the use of daytime pressor agents for the treatment of orthostatic hypotension. Currently, no antihypertensive drug effectively lowers BP and prevents pressure natriuresis without worsening standing BP.

It is well known that heat exposure (e.g. hot weather or a hot bath or shower) produces an acute and temporary worsening of orthostatic hypotension in autonomic failure patients. Factors that may predispose these patients to the lowering BP effects of heat stress include

  1. impaired heat dissipation due to inability to sweat, 2) preserved heat-mediated skin vasodilation, and 3) blunted sympathetic hemodynamic responses to maintain BP (increases in cardiac output, heart rate, and vaso- and venoconstriction). Our preliminary results showed that 2 hours of passive heat stress lowers BP in these patients through a decrease in central volume. In this study, we will assess the efficacy and safety of passive heat stress in the treatment of nocturnal supine hypertension in autonomic failure patients. Our hypothesis is that controlled local (abdominal) passive heat stress applied during the night will lower nocturnal BP in autonomic failure patients with supine hypertension.

To test this hypothesis, we propose to compare the BP effects of passive heat applied during the night vs. a sham control in a randomized crossover study in autonomic failure patients with supine hypertension.

Details
Condition Hypertension, Pure Autonomic Failure, Multiple System Atrophy, Autonomic Failure
Treatment Sham control, Heating pad
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03042988
SponsorVanderbilt University Medical Center
Last Modified on25 March 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Male and female patients, between 18-80 yrs., with primary autonomic failure (Parkinson Disease, Multiple System Atrophy, and Pure Autonomic Failure) and supine hypertension. Supine hypertension will be defined as SBP≥150 mmHg
Patients able and willing to provide informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

Pregnancy
Significant cardiac, renal or hepatic illness, or with contraindications to administration of pressor agents or with other factors, which in the investigator's opinion would prevent the subject from completing the protocol including clinically significant abnormalities in clinical, mental or laboratory testing
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer  to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact

site

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note