Comparison of Clinical Outcomes Between IVM and Minimal Stimulation IVF in Patients With PCOS

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 31, 2023
  • participants needed
    240
  • sponsor
    CHA University
Updated on 25 February 2022
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is most common endocrinologic disease in women of reproductive age with incidence of 6.6 ~ 8%. About fifty percent of the patients with PCOS manifest subfertility and significant proportion of these woman need assisted reproductive technology (ART). These patients are very sensitive to gonadotropins during conventional in vitro fertilization (IVF) and the risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is high. In vitro maturation (IVM) is an emerging alternative option to conventional IVF for minimizing the risk of OHSS in patients with PCOS. Until now, several studies has been reported the favorable outcomes of oocyte maturation rate, fertilization rate, clinical pregnancy rate, and live birth rate during IVM procedure. However, these results were from retrospective or observational study and there was no suitable randomized controlled trial (RCT).

Therefore, this prospective RCT is aimed to compare and analyze the clinical outcomes between IVM and minimal stimulation IVF in women with PCOS, assessing if IVM is recommendable clinical practice or not.

Description

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is most common endocrinologic disease in women of reproductive age with incidence of 6.6 ~ 8%. About fifty percent of the patients with PCOS manifest subfertility and significant proportion of these women need assisted reproductive technology (ART). These patients are very sensitive to gonadotropins during conventional in vitro fertilization (IVF) and the risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), an iatrogenic complication, is very high.

In vitro maturation (IVM) is has been suggested as an alternative option to conventional IVF for eliminating the risk of OHSS in patients with PCOS. In 1994, Trounson et al succeeded in fertilization of in vitro matured oocytes and transferring embryo during unstimulated IVF procedure in women with PCOS. Since then IVM was developed as one method of ART field.

Previously it had been reported that maturation rate of oocytes retrieved from patients with PCOS were lower than oocytes from women without PCOS. However, in several observational studies, maturation rate of oocytes was up to 80.3%, fertilization was up to 21.9%~50% per cycle, and live birth rated was 15.9% per retrieval and 33% per cycle. And in several retrospective case-control studies of comparing IVM and conventional IVF, the miscarriage rate and ectopic pregnancy rate were similar, whereas the maturation rate of oocyte was up to 84%, fertilization rate was 43~70% and pregnancy rate was 22~56%. Because ovarian stimulation is not utilized, OHSS risk is preventable and cost is effective in IVM procedure.

Generally there are three types of IVM techniques; firstly, gonadotropin priming, in which technique small amount of gonadotropin is used for 3 to 5 days. Secondly, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) priming, in which hCG is used before oocyte retrieval. Thirdly, no gonadotropin and hCG priming is used. In gonadotropin-priming IVM technique, it had been reported that the number of retrieved oocytes were increased and pregnancy rate was improved from 0 to 29%, but there was no clear evidence of the efficacy. hCG priming technique, most commonly used technique, is for promoting meiotic resumption before full maturation of oocyte. The maturation rate of oocytes was 69~84%, fertilization rate 45 ~ 80%, pregnancy rate 31 ~ 38.5% and live birth rate was 33% in the studies of investigating hCG priming IVM technique in women with PCOS.

Summarizing these observational and retrospective studies, it is expectable that IVM is promising ART method in patients with PCOS, minimizing the risk of OHSS with improved clinical pregnancy rate. However, there was no suitable randomized controlled trial (RCT) to confirm whether IVM is recommendable primary clinical ART practice to women with PCOS.

Therefore, this prospective RCT is aimed to compare and analyze the clinical outcomes between hCG-primed IVM protocol and minimal stimulation IVF with Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist protocol in women with PCOS in fresh cycles.

Details
Condition No Condition
Treatment IVM, Minimal stimulation IVF
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03134482
SponsorCHA University
Last Modified on25 February 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Women diagnosed with PCOS under age of 40 years (PCOS diagnosis is based on Revised 2003 Rotterdam criteria of PCOS)

Exclusion Criteria

severe male factor subfertility requiring testicular sperm extraction (TESE) or oligoasthenoteratozoospermia
couples requiring preimplantation genetic screening or diagnosis
women had undergone ovarian stimulation 30 days before assisted reproductive technology (ART)
women with severe endometriosis or dysfunctional uterine bleeding
women with severe uterine factor subfertility (ex. submucosal myoma, intramural myoma protruding endometrium, severe intrauterine adhesion, etc)
women with ovarian malignancy
women with severe tubal factor subfertility (ex. persistent hydrosalpinx even after surgery)
women had undergone treatment of malignancy 5 years before screening of this trial
women with history of thromboembolism
women with age of 40 years or more
women with stimulation dose over 150 IU of exogenous FSH
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact

site

0/250

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note