Last updated on March 2019

Risk Assessment in Patients With Symptomatic- and Asymptomatic Preexcitation


Brief description of study

Prospective cohort study including 150 patients with pre-excitation on ECG referred to our clinic for risk assessment. There will be equal numbers of symptomatic and asymptomatic patients included in the study. Each patient will perform an exercise stress test on bicycle before an invasive electrophysiological test. The purpose of this study is to compare exercise stress testing on bicycle to an invasive electrophysiological study, regarding risk assessment of patients with pre-excitation. The electrophysiology study is set as reference.

Detailed Study Description

Hypothesis

The sensitivity and specificity for exercise stress test (bicycle) is low in identifying patients with benign accessory pathways and cannot replace an invasive electrophysiological study in risk assessment of symptomatic and asymptomatic patients with pre-excitation. Invasive electrophysiological assessment should be recommended for all patients with pre-excitation despite symptoms or documented arrhythmia.

Methods

Prospective cohort study including 150 patients with pre-excitation on ECG referred to our clinic for risk assessment. There will be equal numbers of symptomatic and asymptomatic patients included in the study. Each patient will perform an exercise stress test on bicycle before an invasive electrophysiological test. The purpose of this study is to compare exercise stress testing on bicycle to an invasive electrophysiological study, regarding risk assessment of patients with pre-excitation. The electrophysiology study is set as reference.

  1. Instruments and methods for analysis:
    • All patients will perform an exercise stress test on a test bike according to standard protocol. ECG will be monitored closely regarding loss of pre-excitation during exercise.
    • After exercise testing all patients will undergo an invasive electrophysiological study according to standard protocol.

This procedure is set as reference in identifying potentially dangerous accessory pathways.

  • APERP as well as shortest R-R interval during atrial fibrillation, when applicable, will be used to characterize the conduction properties of the pathway defining high risk pathway with APERP 250 ms with or without isoprenaline.
  • Inducibility in AVRT (orthodromic or antidromic reentry tachycardia) and atrial fibrillation will be recorded as well as tachycardia cycle length.
  • The results of the two tests will be compared with each patient being their own control.

Programmed stimulation for risk assessment in patients with pre-excitation/accessory

pathways
  1. AV block or block in AP during IAP, ms
  2. VA block or block in AP during IVP, ms
  3. Antegrade curve (single ES 600 ms or longer and 400 ms): APERP And AVNERP
  4. Retrograde curve (single ES 600 ms): Retrograde APERP and AVNERP
  5. Tachycardia induction (Double ES from atrium): Inducibility
  6. Burst pacing from atrium
  7. Isoprenaline: Dose adjustment until heart rate>100/min or >50% increase from basal level.
    • Antegrade curve during isoprenaline: APERP, AVNERP
    • Retrograde curve during Isoprenaline:

Retrograde APERP and AVNERP

  • Tachycardia induction during Isoprenaline

Statistical analysis: Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of exercise stress test will be assessed, using the electrophysiological study as a reference standard. A true positive and a false negative will be defined, respectively, as the persistence and the disappearance of pre-excitation in the symptomatic and asymptomatic group. A true negative and a false positive will be defined, respectively, as the disappearance and the persistence of pre-excitation in the symptomatic and asymptomatic group. Moreover, we will consider the shortest value between the minimum RR interval during atrial fibrillation and accessory pathway anterograde effective refractory period (APERP) in each patient and look for the value that could be predicted by noninvasive tests with the best combination of sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value.

Chi Square statistics will be used in comparing categorical data such as inducibility and tachycardia cycle length.

B. Calculation of power: With the planned number of patients, 150, a 10% difference should be detected with a power of 80% at 0,1.

C. Expected results: We expect exercise testing to have high sensitivity, but low specificity and a low positive predictive value.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03301935

Contact Investigators or Research Sites near you

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Mats Jensen-Urstad, Professor

Karolinska University Hospital
Stockholm, Sweden
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Recruitment Status: Open


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