Last updated on February 2019

Sildenafil for DCI

Brief description of study

Each year, approximately 30,000 people in the United States suffer an intra-cranial hemorrhage due to aneurysmal rupture. Of those surviving the initial event, up to 40% will go on to have further neurological injury secondary to stroke (delayed cerebral ischemia) caused by constriction of blood vessels (i.e. vasospasm). Previous studies have shown that the medication sildenafil, given intravenously, improves vasospasm, but has an associated degree of hypotension. The degree of hypotension was well within safety thresholds for these patients.

Sildenafil is a medication that strongly inhibits the protein phosphodiesterase-V (PDE-V). The hypothesis for this study is that oral sildenafil will also improve vasospasm, but does not result in as much hypotension. Specifically, the investigators look to show that comparable doses of oral sildenafil produces the same degree of PDE-V inhibition as an intravenous dose while the degree of hypotension is reduced. Additionally, using measurements of cerebral blood flow regulation acquired using transcranial Doppler ultrasound, the investigators look to show that oral sildenafil produces the same degree of improvement in vasospasm and blood flow regulation.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03028298

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