CRT response will be significantly better using image fusion of SPECT MPI and fluoroscopy venogram to guide LV lead placement at the latest activation segment without scar than standard-of-care implantation.
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is final phase of a variety of cardiovascular diseases. Epidemiological data revealed that the morbidity of CHF is 0.9% in China, and there are 300,000 new CHF patients are diagnosed each year. Moreover, the total number of CHF patients exceeded 5.5 million throughout the country. Therefore, CHF has become a seriously social and public health problem in China.
Although medical treatment for CHF has achieved considerable progress, prognosis is still poor and mortality is high among end-stage HF patients. Since the 1990s, cardiac resynchronization therapy(CRT) has been applied to treat CHF, a large number of evidence-based medicine has shown that CRT brings great clinical effects; CRT mainly aims at delayed activation of left ventricular(LV) and stimulates LV in advance to restore the interand intra-ventricular synchrony. As a result, cardiac function, symptoms and quality of life in CHF patients improved, meanwhile mortality rate also decreases. At present, CRT is recommended in quite a number of CHF patients as class I indication. And yet, approximately 30%-40% of patients did not show response to CRT. Non-response to CRT has become a significant problem that must be solved. In recent years, researchers have tried LV multipoint pacing (MPP), transseptal left ventricular endocardial pacing and MitraClip to get some achievements. But these new techniques and CRT itself have two main failings:(1) Up to now, there is no specific suggestions about whether the patient's myocardium has too severe myocardial fibrosis and scar burden to be fit for CRT.(2)The LV mechanical dysynchronization will influence CRT effects. So far, screening CRT indications is primarily based on QRS morphology and duration on surface electrocardiogram.QRS duration120ms represents the presence of electrical dysynchronization, however, electrical dysynchronization is not equal to mechanical dysynchronization. The key point of CRT is to solve the mechanical dysynchronization, so estimating cardiac mechanical dysynchrony is important for predicting the CRT response; In addition, LV lead implantation site also exerts an effect on CRT response. The standard-of-care of LV lead implantation technique now just relays on coronary vein angiography showing the appropriate branch vein. This approach cannot guarantee LV lead is implanted in the latest activation site and the non-scar segment. Therefore, the following two issues are very important: how to evaluate the myocardiac scar and LV mechanical dyssynchronization using an objective, accurate, simple and economic method? and how to explore a new image which can guide LV lead to position at the latest activation and non-scar segment conveniently and accurately during procedure for improving CRT response rate? Myocardial perfusion image-phase analysis technique(MPI-PA) is a new non-invasive method to evaluate LV desynchronization,the latest activation site and myocardial scar burden. In recent years,Henneman MM and Adelstein EC reported PA technique detecting LV systolic desynchronization and LV scar burden influencing on CRT response respectively. Their study showed that the low CRT response is associated with the mild LV dyssynchrony and severe scar burden.The past five years,our center has completed a prospective, randomized, multi-center study of"SPECT guided LV Lead Placement for Incremental Benefits to CRT Efficacy"(GUIDE-CRT).We found that the CRT efficacy in SPECT-Guided group at 6 months after CRT implantation was better than that in standard-of-care implantation group(control group):the reduction in LVESV at 6 months in guided group is much more than that in control group(control 28.2ml vs guided group 48.2ml,P=0.029). The CRT response rate, defined as reduction in LVESV more than 15%, in guided group was 55.8% is higher than 47.8% in control group,but there was no statistic difference between two groups.The guiding mothodology of implanting LV lead in our previous study (GUIDE-CRT) was as following: implanter chose the branch vein to implant LV lead based on the recommended site by MPI-PA. Under this guidance, still much percentage of LV lead did not located in the recommended site. Therefore, in order to further improve the accuracy of SPECT guiding LV lead placement, our present study will use automatic fusion of coronary venogram with SPECT images to guide the implantation of LV lead precisely, and bringing incremental benefits to CRT efficacy.
This new study(GUIDE-CRT II) is a prospective, randomized, multi-center trial. Applying the new image fusion of SPECT MPI and coronary venogram to guide LV lead placement at the recommended optimal position, to achieve the precise localization, to avoid blindness of standard of care implantation methods and to improve response to CRT.
|Treatment||Image fusion of SPECT MPI and fluoroscopy venography|
|Clinical Study Identifier||NCT03125720|
|Sponsor||The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University|
|Last Modified on||1 November 2020|
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