Haploidentical BMT With Post-Transplant Cyclophosphamide and Bendamustine

  • days left to enroll
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    University of Arizona
Updated on 3 June 2022
chronic myeloid leukemia
stem cell transplantation
myeloid leukemia
lymphoid leukemia
hematologic malignancy
hodgkin's disease
acute leukemia
cell transplantation
bone marrow procedure
lymphocytic leukemia
burkitt's lymphoma
chemotherapy regimen
follicular lymphoma
cancer chemotherapy
mantle cell lymphoma
high risk myelodysplastic syndrome


The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety of progressively substituting day +3 and +4 post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PT-CY) with post-transplant bendamustine (PT-BEN) in myeloablative (MAC) haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplantation (HHCT) for patients with hematological malignancies.

The goal of the Phase 1 component of the study is to evaluate the safety of progressively substituting post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PT-CY) given on Days +3 and +4 with bendamustine (PT-BEN). The Phase I component of the study has been completed.

The Phase Ib component of the study will continue to evaluate the safety and efficacy of subjects who receive PT-BEN on Days +3 and +4 at the maximum tolerated dose determined by Phase I. The Phase Ib component of the study is open for enrollment.

Approximately, 18-36 subjects will be treated as part of Phase I and 15 as part of Phase Ib. Approximately 18 subjects will be used as controls, subjects that receive no PET-BEN, for direct comparison. Total, approximately 38-56 treatment and control patients and 38-56 donor subjects will be enrolled.


This study will follow the standard-of-care bone marrow transplant (BMT), with the only exception being to progressively substitute post-transplant cyclophosphamide (on Days +3 and +4 after BMT) with bendamustine. Six dose levels were planned for the Phase I component of the study, consisting of a combination of sequentially reduced doses of cyclophosphamide (PT-CY) and increased doses of bendamustine (PT-BEN) initially on Day +4 after BMT, followed by the same sequential reduction and increase on Day +3. An interim analysis was performed after cohort 3 was completed in Phase I and included a preliminary comparison between treatment and control groups. Phase Ib will evaluate patients treated with PT-CY on day +3 and PT-BEN on day +4.

Control patients will be patients that have declined to participate in the main trial but will receive haploidentical BMT with the current standard of two days of PT-CY (and no PT-BEN) and will be consented for the immune monitoring studies only.

Condition Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Acute Myelogenous Leukemia, Myelodysplastic Syndromes, Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia, Lymphoma,Non-Hodgkin, Lymphoma, Hodgkin, Lymphoma, Follicular, Marginal Zone Lymphoma, Large Cell Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell Lymphoma, Gray Zone Lymphoma, Burkitt Lymphoma, High Risk Undifferentiated Acute Leukemia
Treatment cyclophosphamide, Bendamustine
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT02996773
SponsorUniversity of Arizona
Last Modified on3 June 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Be willing and able to provide written consent/assent for the trial
Diagnosed with one of the following high-risk malignancies, which require hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) but do not have an available Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA)-matched related or unrelated donor or acceptable cord blood
High risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in 1st complete remission (CR1) or greater
High risk acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) in CR1 or greater
High risk undifferentiated acute leukemia
High risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)
Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) failing or intolerant to Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors (TKIs) or in accelerated, blastic phase, or in second or subsequent chronic phase
Lymphoma, (Hodgkin and Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma including marginal zone, follicular lymphoma, chemotherapy-sensitive large-cell, mantle cell lymphoma, gray zone, and Burkitt's lymphoma in remission)
At least one haploidentical related donor is available for bone marrow harvest
Molecular based HLA typing for the HLA-A, -B, -Cw, beta chain (-DRB1) and - DQ Beta 1 Locus (DQB1loci) to the resolution is needed to establish haploidentity
A minimum match of 5/10 is required
No availability of an 8/8 HLA-matched related or unrelated donor or clinical urgency for transplant (e.g., needed within 4-8 weeks) at which time an acceptable unrelated donor will not be available

Exclusion Criteria

Refractory acute leukemia (>5% blasts) or progressive disease
Untreated or progressive central nervous system leukemia
Refractory to chemotherapy lymphoma
Co-morbidities precluding patient's ability to tolerate BMT
Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST)/ Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) > 5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
Bilirubin > 2 x ULN
Creatinine greater than >2 x ULN for age or creatinine clearance/glomerular filtration rate (GFR) <40 ml/min/1.73m2
Pulmonary function: Diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) < 40% of normal or O2 Sat <92%
Cardiac: left ventricular ejection fraction <35%
Active infection at time of hospital admission of Haplo BMT
Documented fungal infection or highly suspected and receiving treatment for presumed fungal infection within 3 months of BMT
HIV positive
Karnofsky score (adults) < 60% or Lansky score < 50% (pediatrics)
Positive pregnancy test for girls post menarche or women of childbearing age
Severe psychiatric illness or mental deficiency making compliance to treatment unlikely and/or informed consent impossible
Any reason, at the investigator's discretion, that the participation of the patient in this protocol would not be in patient's best interest, or where the patient would be unable to adhere to the study requirements
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