Last updated on February 2018

Peptide GAM Immunoadsorption Therapy in Autoimmune Membranous Nephropathy

Brief description of study

Autoimmune Membranous Nephropathy is now understood to be a condition caused by the immune system although the exact mechanism is not completely known. This study aims to remove the offending part of the immune system using immunoadsorption to not only treat the disease but also use the opportunity to better understand the mechanism of disease. This will allow more targeted treatment in the future with less complications and side effects.

Detailed Study Description

Membranous nephropathy (MN) is among the most common causes of nephrotic syndrome in adults worldwide. The majority of patients will remain stable with either complete remission or partial remission but approximately 20% will progress slowly to end stage renal disease necessitating the need for renal replacement therapy (RRT).

Current standard therapy for primary (or autoimmune) membranous nephropathy is a regime of rotating high dose steroids and immunosuppression was first described in the mid-nineties and has been the mainstay of treatment since but comes with a high side effect burden.

Idiopathic membranous nephropathy is now understood to be an autoimmune disease characterised by the presence of IgG autoantibodies to M-Type Phospholipase A2 Receptor (anti-PLA2R). Immunoadsorption is a method of removing specific circulating immunoglobulins and has been shown to remove over 80% of circulating IgG with a single session immunoadsorption of 2.5 plasma volumes, with albumin and antithrombin III almost unaffected. With multiple sessions this can rise to over 98%.

Immunoadsorption therapy has been in use for a number of years and this study will use Peptide GAM Immunoadsorption therapy developed by Fresenius Healthcare. This uses two systems, the Art Universal and ADAsorb. The Art Universal became commercially available in 2005 and the ADAsorb in 2002.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03255447

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