Multi-epitope Folate Receptor Alpha Peptide Vaccine, GM-CSF, and Cyclophosphamide in Treating Patients With Triple Negative Breast Cancer

  • STATUS
    Not Recruiting
  • End date
    Jul 31, 2026
  • participants needed
    280
  • sponsor
    Academic and Community Cancer Research United
Updated on 10 October 2022
platelet count
cancer
cyclophosphamide
absolute neutrophil count
metastatic disease
estrogen
serum pregnancy test
carcinoma
breast cancer
sargramostim
endocrine therapy
progesterone
gm-csf
metastasis
neutrophil count
hormone therapy
immunohistochemistry
tumor cells
biomarker analysis
triple negative breast cancer
progesterone receptor
estrogen receptor
folate
cancer recurrence
tumor proteins
multi-epitope folate receptor alpha peptide vaccine

Summary

This randomized phase II trial studies how well multi-epitope folate receptor alpha peptide vaccine, sargramostim (GM-CSF), and cyclophosphamide work to prevent the recurrence of stage 1-3 triple negative breast cancer. Vaccines made from a person's white blood cells mixed with tumor proteins may help the body build an effective immune response to kill tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving multi-epitope folate receptor alpha peptide vaccine, sargramostim (GM-CSF), and cyclophosphamide may work well together to prevent cancer recurrence after surgery and other standard treatments for triple negative breast cancer.

Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To show that multi-epitope folate receptor alpha peptide vaccine (folate receptor [FR]alpha peptide vaccine) with sargramostim (GM-CSF) adjuvant will prolong the disease-free survival (DFS) compared to GM-CSF adjuvant treatment in patients with triple negative breast cancer.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To compare the safety and tolerability of metronomic cyclophosphamide followed by FRalpha peptide vaccine with GM-CSF versus GM-CSF alone.

CORRELATIVE RESEARCH OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine whether high level of antibody and cellular immune response toward the FRalpha measured at baseline is a prognostic factor for vaccine immune response and/or cancer relapse.

II. To determine whether the level of tumor expression of FRalpha at baseline is a prognosis factor for vaccine immune response and/or cancer relapse.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM I: Patients receive cyclophosphamide orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-7 and 15-21 of cycle 1 only. Starting cycle 2, patients receive multi-epitope folate receptor alpha peptide vaccine with sargramostim intradermally (ID) on day 1. Treatment repeats every 28 days for cycles 2-7 and every 6 months for cycles 8-14 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Patients receive cyclophosphamide as in Arm I. Starting cycle 2, patients receive placebo vaccine with sargramostim ID on day 1. Treatment repeats every 28 days for cycles 2-7 and every 6 months for cycles 8-14 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6 months for 3 years.

Details
Condition Bilateral Breast Carcinoma, Breast Inflammatory Carcinoma, Stage IB Breast Cancer AJCC v7, Stage II Breast Cancer AJCC v6 and v7, Stage IIA Breast Cancer AJCC v6 and v7, Stage IIB Breast Cancer AJCC v6 and v7, Stage III Breast Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IIIA Breast Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IIIB Breast Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IIIC Breast Cancer AJCC v7, Triple-Negative Breast Carcinoma, Unilateral Breast Carcinoma
Treatment cyclophosphamide, laboratory biomarker analysis, Placebo, sargramostim, Placebo Administration, Multi-epitope Folate Receptor Alpha Peptide Vaccine
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03012100
SponsorAcademic and Community Cancer Research United
Last Modified on10 October 2022

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