Multicenter Phase II Study of Transanal TME (taTME)

  • End date
    Dec 18, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Updated on 18 April 2022
ct scan
rectal carcinoma
pelvic mri
digital rectal examination
low anterior resection
adenocarcinoma of rectum
total mesorectal excision


Radical rectal cancer resection, namely total mesorectal excision (TME), is the cornerstone of the treatment of resectable rectal cancer. In combination with chemotherapy and radiation treatment (CRT), complete TME with negative resection margins is associated with sustained local and systemic control even in locally advanced disease. Over the last 2 decades, laparoscopic and robotic techniques have been increasingly adopted due to reduced surgical trauma and faster patient recovery. Yet, both approaches are associated with equivalent postoperative morbidity and disturbances in sexual, urinary and defecatory function relative to open TME. Furthermore, laparoscopic and robotic TME remain associated with substantial conversion rates and variable rates of TME completeness as a result of the procedural difficulties reaching the low rectum from the abdominal approach. Transanal TME (taTME) with laparoscopic assistance was developed to facilitate completion of TME using a primary transanal endoscopic approach. Transanal TME uses a "bottom-up approach" to overcome the technical difficulties of low pelvic dissection using an abdominal approach. Published results from single-center taTME series and an international registry suggest the short-term procedural and oncologic safety of this approach in resectable rectal cancer. No multicenter phase II study has yet been conducted to validate the procedural safety, functional outcomes or long-term oncologic outcomes of this approach.

Study Design: This is a 5-year phase II multicenter single-arm study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of low anterior resection (LAR) with taTME using laparoscopic or robotic assistance in 100 eligible subjects with resectable rectal cancer.

Hypothesis: taTME is non-inferior to standard LAR with respect to the quality of the TME achieved.


The management of rectal cancer is multidisciplinary and outcomes are dependent on accurate preoperative staging, performance of a curative resection, and the selective use of neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapy to improve long-term oncologic outcomes. Despite the increasing use of laparoscopic and robotic approaches, radical rectal cancer resection is associated with relatively high rates of conversion to open surgery, variable rates of TME specimen completeness, and morbidity rates that are equivalent to that of open TME with respect to infectious and wound-related complications, as well as defecatory, sexual and urinary dysfunction,.

Transanal TME (taTME) with laparoscopic assistance was developed in an effort to facilitate completion of TME using a primarily transanal endoscopic approach. Based on the preliminary results from several published single-center case series and the first international taTME registry, in carefully selected patients with resectable rectal cancer, taTME with laparoscopic assistance is associated with perioperative outcomes and short-term oncologic outcomes that are equivalent to that of standard TME.

This study is the first phase II multicenter trial of taTME conducted in the United States to evaluate the efficacy and safety of taTME with laparoscopic or robotic assistance relative to standard LAR. A total of 100 subjects with resectable rectal cancer located up to 10 cm from the anal verge will be enrolled across 10 US study sites. It is anticipated that this larger, phase II multicenter study will validate the safety and efficacy of taTME with respect to perioperative outcomes, short and long-term oncologic outcomes and functional results.

Study procedure:

Study procedures will consist in 1-team (sequential) or 2-team (combined) LAR with transanal TME using laparoscopic or robotic abdominal assistance. Laparoscopic or robotic abdominal access will be obtained followed by inferior mesenteric vessels transection, mobilization or the proximal colon and splenic flexure takedown if indicated. Transanal TME is performed either at the same time or following the above steps. Intersphincteric resection (ISR) may be included for very low tumors. Following pursestring closure of the rectum below the tumor, transanal endoscopic TME dissection will proceed circumferentially until the peritoneal cavity is entered anteriorly. Following complete mobilization of the rectosigmoid, the specimen is extracted transanally or transabdominally followed by colorectal or coloanal anastomosis, with or without a diverting loop ileostomy. Operative details will be recorded in case report forms (CRF's).

TME pathology assessment:

Resected specimens will be processed and analyzed by the participating institution's Pathology Department according to standard TME protocol. De-identified photographs of all fresh TME specimens will be independently reviewed by a Pathology Review Committee blinded to the source of the specimen.

Postoperative care and follow-up:

Subjects will be managed according to standard postoperative protocols. Postoperative visits and oncology follow-up visits will occur as per standard practice and oncologic outcomes. All adverse events occurring during the study period will be graded using the Clavien-Dindo system. Postoperative functional questionnaires will be obtained 6-8 months and 12-14 months postoperatively in non-diverted subjects. In diverted subjects, functional questionnaires will be collected 3-4 months and 9-10 months following ileostomy closure (or 12-18 months following the study procedure).

Condition Rectal Cancer, Surgery
Treatment Transanal Total Mesorectal Excision (taTME)
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03144765
SponsorIcahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Last Modified on18 April 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

New diagnosis of histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the rectum
Age ≥18
Clinical stage cT1 (high-risk), T2, or T3, cN0, N1, N2 on staging pelvic MRI
Negative predicted CRM on staging pelvic MRI
No evidence of metastasis on CT scans of the chest, abdomen and pelvis
Rectal cancer located within 10 cm from the anal verge based on proctoscopy and digital rectal examination (DRE)
Complete preoperative colonoscopy demonstrating no synchronous colon cancer
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤ 2 (Karnofsky ≥ 60%)
Eligible to undergo laparoscopic or robotic LAR with or without a temporary diverting stoma, based on multidisciplinary tumor board consensus
Able to understand and willing to sign a written informed consent form

Exclusion Criteria

cT4 on staging pelvic MRI
>12 weeks delay between completion of neoadjuvant CRT and planned study procedure
Severely symptomatic rectal tumors
Tumors invading into the internal anal sphincter muscle based on DRE and pelvic MRI
Fecal incontinence at baseline
Prior history of rectal resection
Prior history of colorectal cancer
History of inflammatory bowel disease
Uncontrolled concurrent illness
Subjects who cannot read or understand English
Clear my responses

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