Last updated on August 2019

Response of the Airway in Sinusitis and Asthma


Brief description of study

The project is intended to be realised in two phases. In the first stage, a case control study will be performed. In the second phase, double-blind, placebo controlled study will be conducted. In the first phase 3 groups of children will be compare: i) a group of children suffering from chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) (fulfilling the European Position Paper on Rhinosinusitis and Nasal Polyps (EPOS) criteria) and asthma (fulfilling the Asthma Predictive Index (API) criteria) (CRS+/asthma+, n=90), ii) a group of children suffering from CRS (fulfilling the EPOS criteria) but without asthma symptoms (negative API criteria) (CRS+/asthma-, n=30) and iii) a group of children without symptoms of CRS (negative EPOS criteria) and without asthma symptoms (negative API criteria) (CRS-/asthma-, n=30). In the second phase the effect of intranasal glucocorticosteroids will be assessed. The following research methods will be used: CRS-symptom score questionnaire (SN-5) and Childhood Asthma Control Test (cACT) questionnaires, skin prick test, spirometry, measurement of nitric oxide NO in exhaled breath (FeNO), taste perception test, eosinophil morphology assessment, ratio: glucose concentration in nasal secretion/serum glucose level, concentration of specific immunoglobulin (Ig) E, total immunoglobulin G (IgG) and immunoglobulin A (IgA), the proportion of innate lymphoid cells (ILC) and regulatory lymphocytes cells in the peripheral blood. Endoscopic examination of the upper airways will be performed and samples of the mucosa will be taken. The mucosal examination will be as follows: i) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) examination for the detection of the presence of viral and bacterial genetic material, ii) measurement of the expression of the various messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA), iii) measurement of the expression of mRNA for the Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) genes and iv) percentage of ILCs.

Detailed Study Description

Persistence of CRS and asthma require multiple interconnected feedback and feed-forward circuits between ILCs and epithelial cells. It seems that type 2 ILCs (ILC2) are the most important accelerators of type II immune response that prepare cytokine microenvironment for Th2 cells chronic activation. What decide on ILC2 accumulation - this is an urgent question. The aim of the proposed project is to examine the role of the innate immune response of airways in children suffering from chronic rhinosinusitis and asthma.

The project is intended to be realised in two phases. In the first stage, a case control study will be performed. In the second phase, double-blind, placebo controlled study will be conducted. In the first phase 3 groups of children will be compare: i) a group of children suffering from CRS (fulfilling the EPOS criteria) and asthma (fulfilling the API criteria) (CRS+/asthma+, n=90), ii) a group of children suffering from CRS (fulfilling the EPOS criteria) but without asthma symptoms (negative API criteria) (CRS+/asthma-, n=30) and iii) a group of children without symptoms of CRS (negative EPOS criteria) and without asthma symptoms (negative API criteria) (CRS-/asthma-, n=30). In the second phase the effect of intranasal glucocorticosteroids will be assessed. The following research methods will be used: SN-5 and cACT questionnaires, skin prick test, spirometry, measurement of NO in exhaled breath, taste perception test, eosinophil morphology assessment, ratio: glucose concentration in nasal secretion/serum glucose level, concentration of specific immunoglobulin E, total IgG and IgA, the proportion of ILC2 cells and regulatory cells in the peripheral blood. Endoscopic examination of the upper airways will be performed and samples of the mucosa will be taken. The mucosal examination will be as follows: i) PCR examination for the detection of the presence of viral and bacterial genetic material, ii) measurement of the expression of the various mRNA types, iii) measurement of the expression of mRNA for the Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) genes and iv) percentage of ILC 1, 2 and 3 cells and regulatory cells.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03011632

Recruitment Status: Closed


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