Last updated on May 2019

Higher or Lower Dose Cladribine Cytarabine and Mitoxantrone in Treating Medically Less Fit Patients With Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia or Myeloid Neoplasm

Are you eligible to participate in this study?

You may be eligible for this study if you meet the following criteria:

  • Conditions: Acute Leukemia of Ambiguous Lineage | Acute myeloid leukemia | Myeloid Neoplasm
  • Age: Between 18 - 100 Years
  • Gender: Male or Female

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of untreated ?high-grade? myeloid neoplasm (>= 10% myeloid blasts by morphology in bone marrow and/or peripheral blood) or AML other than acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) with t(15;17)(q22;q12) or variants according to the 2016 World Health Organization (WHO) classification; patients with acute leukemias of ambiguous lineage are eligible; outside diagnostic material is acceptable as long as peripheral blood and/or bone marrow slides are reviewed at the study institution and cytogenetic/molecular information is available
  • Treatment-related mortality (TRM) score >= 13.1 as calculated with simplified model
  • The use of hydroxyurea before enrollment is permitted; hydroxyurea should be discontinued prior to start of study treatment; patients with symptoms/signs of hyperleukocytosis or white blood cell count (WBC) >100,000/uL can be treated with leukapheresis or may receive up to 1 dose of cytarabine (up to 500 mg/m^2) anytime prior to enrollment
  • Patients may have received treatment (e.g. azacitidine/decitabine, lenalidomide, growth factors) for antecedent low-grade myeloid neoplasm
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >= 45%, assessed within 3 months prior to registration, e.g. by multigated acquisition (MUGA) scan or echocardiography, or other appropriate diagnostic modality
  • Women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception beginning at the signing of the consent until at least 4 weeks after the last dose of study drug
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Myeloid blast crisis of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), unless patient is not considered candidate for tyrosine kinase inhibitor treatment
  • Concomitant illness associated with a likely survival of < 1 year
  • Active systemic fungal, bacterial, viral, or other infection, unless disease is under treatment with anti-microbials and/or controlled or stable; patients with fever thought to be likely secondary to leukemia are eligible; known hypersensitivity to any study drug
  • Known hypersensitivity to any study drug used in this trial
  • Pregnancy or lactation
  • Concurrent treatment with any other anti-leukemia agent

Recruitment Status: Open

Brief Description Eligibility Contact Research Team

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