Last updated on February 2020

SMS-based Lifestyle Intervention for Patients With Liver Cirrhosis With Previous Hepathic Encephalopathy

Brief description of study

To investigate whether simple reminders about healthy lifestyle sent via mobile phone text messages can improve the liver cirrhosis severity and prognosis (as assessed by the MELD score supported by the Child-Pugh score) among patients with liver cirrhosis that have been through a 12-week supervised and facility-based physical exercise training program and in-patient rehabilitation.

Detailed Study Description

Physical exercise and other interventions focused on lifestyle factors have not only the potential to increase physical functioning and capacity, but also to affect fundamental aspects of disease, increase quality of life, and may even increase survival in patients with liver cirrhosis.

Instruction and advice about a healthy lifestyle and physical activity are attractive as it limits time spent on supervised rehabilitation at an outpatient clinic. Further, self-management can be attractive to society as it can conserve health care resources. However, instructions and advice can only be effective if the patients adhere to them, and there is a need for initiatives that enhance the motivation to follow the advice and change undesirable behaviours.

Mobile phone short-message service (SMS) messages are increasingly used to deliver interventions and enhance healthy behaviour. The technology is simple, cost-effective, can be automated, and can reach any mobile phone owner. In a recent systematic review, SMS-messages have been shown effective in a broad range of healthy behaviours, which was also highlighted in a randomized trial showing positive effects of lifestyle-focused SMS-messages on cardiovascular risk factors in patients with coronary heart disease. An SMS-message-based lifestyle intervention therefore seems like a feasible and effective means of enhancing motivation to follow advice about healthy lifestyle and physical activity among patients with liver cirrhosis.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02811887

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