Effects of PR Oxycodone and of Levodopa vs Placebo on Central Neuropathic Pain in Parkinson's Disease

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    University Hospital, Toulouse
Updated on 26 January 2021
dopamine agonists
antiparkinsonian agents


This study will be conducted in three parallel groups receiving oxycodone, levodopa or placebo, administered as an add-on therapy, in addition to the usual antiparkinsonian treatment. As this study focuses on chronic central neuropathic pain caused by PD, the effects of study treatments will be evaluated after a 10-week treatment period


The treatment period (11 weeks) will be divided into three periods:

  1. A titration phase of two weeks, during which of the doses of the treatments will be gradually increased in three steps:

Level 1 (from D1 to D5):

  • Oxycodone: 10 mg PR/day bid (5 mg PR/5 mg PR)
  • Levodopa: 100 mg/day bid (50 mg/50 mg)

Level 2 (from D6 to D10):

  • Oxycodone: 20 mg PR/day tid (10 mg/0 mg/10 mg)
  • Levodopa: 150 mg/day tid (50 mg/50 mg/50 mg)

Level 3 (from D11to D15):

  • Oxycodone: 40 mg PR/day tid (20 mg/0 mg/20 mg)
  • Levodopa: 200 mg/day tid (100 mg/50 mg/50 mg) 2. A fixed dose period: the level 3 dose will be maintained for 8 weeks (from D16 to D71). The study treatment will be administered as an add-on therapy, with the usual antiparkinsonian treatment. If patients have side effects at the level 3 dose, a return to the level 2 dose will be authorized. 3. A withdrawal period: The dose of the study treatment will gradually be reduced, over an eight-day period:

For patients treated with the level 3 dose for 8 weeks: decrease to the level 2 dose over the first 3 days (from D72 to D74) ; then a decrease to the level 1 dose over the next 3 days (from D75 to D77). The treatment will be stopped completely on D78. The last visit will take place on D79, 2 days after the end of treatment.

For patients treated with the level 2 dose: decrease to the level 1 dose over the first 3 days (from D72 to D74), with stopping of the treatment on D75. The last visit will take place on D79, 5 days after the end of treatment.

Condition Parkinson's disease, parkinson's, parkinson disease
Treatment Levodopa, PR Oxycodone, Oxycodone Placebo, Levodopa placebo
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT02601586
SponsorUniversity Hospital, Toulouse
Last Modified on26 January 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patients with Parkinson's disease according to the UKPDSBB (United Kingdom Parkinson's Disease Society Brain Bank) criteria
Patients suffering from chronic pain (lasting for more than 3 months)
Patients suffering from central neuropathic pain caused by PD
Patients with a PD-related central neuropathic pain intensity of at least 3 points on the VAS (average intensity over the last month)
Patients with both types of pain (neuropathic and nociceptive) will be included if the neuropathic pain predominates
Patients treated with a stable regimen of dopaminergic drugs (levodopa and/or dopamine agonists) for at least 4 weeks before the study dan throughout the study
Patients with a stable step 1 analgesic (NSAIDS, acetaminophen) or coanalgesic (antidepressants, antiepileptic) treatment for at least 4 weeks before the study and throughout the study

Exclusion Criteria

Patients suffering from another parkinsonian syndrome
De Novo patients (patients never before treated with dopaminergic drugs)
Patients with intercurrent acute pain
Patients suffering from a chronic disease causing pain (rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, diabetic neuropathy, cancer etc.)
Patients treated with neuroleptics
Patients with clinically detectable behavioural disorders and addiction
Patients with disabling dyskinesias
Patients with painful restless legs syndrome
Patients with cognitive impairment (MMS < 25) or unable to complete the various scales used in the study
Hypersensitivity to oxycodone, levodopa, benserazide or a combination of these drugs
Patients treated with opioid drugs (step 2 and 3)
Patients treated with non-selective monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI)
Patients with severe hepatocellular insufficiency
Patients with uncontrolled cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases
Persistent constipation that has already resulted in a subocclusive state
Patients treated with antiemetic neuroleptics
Patients with angle-closure glaucoma
Exclusion criteria relating to MRI
Patients with claustrophobia
Patients with a hearing aid, cardiac prosthesis, pacemaker, surgical clip
Patients refusing to be informed of abnormalities are detected on MRI
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