Last updated on February 2018

Laparoscopic Surgery and Abdominal Compliance

Brief description of study

The objective of the study is to describe factors influencing abdominal compliance during laparoscopic surgery, including neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBA). The use of NMBA is randomized and blinded from the surgeons and the anesthesiologist. The abdominal compliance is measured by pressure/volume relationship.

Detailed Study Description

Background and rationale. Abdominal laparoscopic surgery is widely used. The meet good conditions, the surgeons need a large enough workspace. Carbonic gaz is insufflated in the intraperitoneal space but limited by the induced pressure which usually must not be above 15mm mercury (Hg) because of subsequent organ failures. The relationship between pressure and gaz volume insufflated defines the abdominal compliance (V/P).

The use of neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBA) is often used during abdominal laparoscopic surgery in order to reduce abdominal tonus, create a sufficient laparoscopic workspace hence improving abdominal compliance. However, considering good working conditions could be achieved by the use of NMBA, other factors could be considered like body weight, length, BMI, surgical abdominal history, parity.

Main objective : To compare the working surgical conditions and the pneumoperitoinea volume obtained during abdominal laparoscopic surgery with and without initial NMBA use.

Hypothesis: The use of NMBA improve the incidence of good surgical working conditions.

Study Design : Randomized blinded clinical trial. Two patients groups are compared, one receiving NMBA and one receiving a placebo. Randomisation will be realised by 1/1 ratio in blocks of 4.

The primary outcome is a composite criteria : the obtention of laparoscopic workspace greater than 3 liters associated with an abdominal pressure lesser than 15mmHg and a good surgical rating scale.

A statistical analysis reveal that 90 patients in each group need to be included from estimated 90% satisfying surgical conditions in NMBA group and 70% in placebo group.

In the placebo group, when surgical conditions are not correct (insufflated volume lesser than 3 liters or surgeon dissatisfaction), NMBA are used. This define the secondary use of NMBA.

Methods :

Anesthesia will be induced in all patients by target controlled infusions of propofol and sufentanil respectively with initial targets of 6 microgram/ml and 0,4 ng/ml.

The initial NMBA bolus in the NMBA group is 0,15 mg/kg of cisatracurium. A similar volume of isotonic saline serum is used in the placebo group.

The abdomen is inflated to 5, 10 and 15 mmHg and volumes at each pressure level are measured in order to evaluate the abdominal compliance.

After those measures, the anesthesiologist is unblinded of NMBA use. If the workspace volume is lesser than 3 liters, or, in case of surgeon dissatisfaction (using the surgical rating scale), NMBA can be used, defining secondary NMBA used.

Anesthesia is maintained by continous infusions of propofol and sufentanil aiming BIS target of 40 to 60.

When used, curarisation is maintained by a continuous infusion of cisatracurium (0,06 to 0,12 mg/kg/h) targetting 0 or 1 TOF response.

Safety issues : During anesthesia induction, if ventilation or tracheal intubation difficulties were to happen, the anesthesiologist is unblinded and any anesthesia protocol can be used.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02816567

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Chu Reims

France, France
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