Last updated on March 2020

Eliminating Hepatitis C Transmission by Enhancing Care and Treatment Among HIV Co-infected Individuals

Brief description of study

This study will offer proof of concept that scaling up treatment for Hepatitis C virus (HCV) in individuals co-infected with HIV could lead to elimination of HCV/HIV co-infection in gay and bisexual men by treating prevalent infection, thereby reducing new primary infections and re-infection.

Detailed Study Description

The co-EC study aims to to enhance HCV care and treatment among HIV-infected individuals through a predominantly nurse-led model of care in primary care as well as hospital settings. It involves:

  1. A nurse-led model of care in primary health care to increase access to PBS HCV treatment with interferon-free HCV antiviral treatment; and
  2. An integrated HCV/HIV surveillance system and database to deliver and monitor the impact of the program at the local and statewide level.

The study is based in Victoria, Australia where the highest prevalence of HIV/HCV co-infection is in gay and bisexual men (GBM). HCV infection is a significant health issue among individuals with HIV infection and has been associated with more rapid progression to HCV-related liver disease and increased risk for cirrhosis and liver cancer. Hepatitis C is a major cause of hospital admissions and is a leading cause of death among HIV-infected persons.

The advent of directly acting antiviral (DAA) treatment provides us with a unique opportunity to increase the number of people accessing hepatitis C treatment. Importantly it is likely that the treatment could be administered in the primary health care setting improving treatment capacity and accessibility, whilst potentially reducing treatment costs.

The primary objectives of co-EC Study are:

  1. Achieve HCV sustained virological response (SVR12) to treatment among HIV co-infected participants in a real-world primary care or hospital clinic setting; and
  2. Measure the impact of treating HCV in HIV infected individuals on primary HCV and reinfection incidence and HCV prevalence in gay and bisexual men in Victoria.

The study design involves an open label, non-randomised clinical trial of hepatitis C treatment for people with HIV coinfection. Treatment will involve any combination of hepatitis C antiviral therapy approved for use in Australia appropriate for the participants' hepatitis C genotype and selected at the decision of their treating clinicians.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02786758

Recruitment Status: Closed

Brief Description Eligibility Contact Research Team

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