Last updated on December 2018

Interest of the Peak of Reticulocytes in Chronic Hemodialysis Patients Treated by Mircera Hemodialysis Population


Brief description of study

Patients under hemodialysis treatment are mostly treated by erythropoietin (EPO) through erythropoiesis stimulating agents (ESA). The objective of ESA treatments is to maintain the hemoglobin level in a therapeutic target around 11g/dl. The EPO dose that is necessary to reach this target depends on numerous and imbricated factors such as age, associated pathologies, iron status, inflammation. As of today, there is no marker to predict the EPO response and Hemoglobin (Hb) level is currently the only and late tool to assess the efficacy.

Detailed Study Description

Reticulocytes are immature red blood cells that are temporary present in the blood circulation. They are easily monitored on every automatic dosing machines. Nevertheless, among the dialysis population, they are seldom used and attempt to define a normal reticulocyte level, attesting a correct medullar response to the administrated EPO dose failed due to the timing of blood collection (corresponding to the Nadir day of reticulocytosis).

In a preliminary study, it has shown that reticulocyte count kinetics depends on ESA's type, dose and administration frequency. Reticulocyte kinetics were compared in three groups of stable dialysis patients, depending on their ESA treatment. Reticulocyte curves under a monthly Mircera treatment were different from the other ESAs, showing a high reticulocyte peak (av. 80 000 reticulocyte/ml) occurring on Day (D)8-D10 after Mircera administration. On the contrary, at nadir's point (D20-D30 after injection), reticulocyte levels are low for all the patients, preventing from any interpretation of the reticulocyte level at monthly routine assessment. It looks as though it is the peak level of reticulocytes that should be used as a marker of ESA response.

Therefore, monitoring of reticulocytes would support the therapeutic decision on the need to adapt the EPO dose.

The study is design to determinated the interest of the reticulocyte peak in the daily practice

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02832323

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Recruitment Status: Open


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