Pharmacogenomics of Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia (PHIT)

  • End date
    Dec 4, 2022
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    University of Arizona
Updated on 23 February 2022


The purpose of this research is to identify genomic markers that can predict heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT), which is a very serious side effect to heparin. Heparin is commonly used to prevent blood clots and the investigators may be able to identify genomic markers which can be used to prevent heparin use in people who will get HIT.


Inclusion Criteria: 18 years of age or older; Participants with heparin/PF4 antibody and SRA testing for HIT, including:

participants with negative heparin/PF4 antibodies and negative SRA (controls), participants with positive heparin/PF4 antibodies and negative SRA(seroconversion cases), participants with positive heparin/PF4 antibodies and positive SRA (HIT cases); Treatment with unfractionated heparin or low molecular weight heparin (enoxaparin, dalteparin, tinzaparin) within 7 days of blood draw Exclusion Criteria: Less than 18 years of age; Inability to give informed consent There is no randomization involved in this study. Participants will be enrolled in equal numbers from three categories: (1) participants without HIT testing negative for heparin/PF4 antibodies (controls); (2) participants without HIT testing positive for heparin/PF4 antibodies (seroconversion cases); (3) participants with HIT testing positive for both heparin/PF4 antibodies (HIT cases).

Recruitment will be facilitated through collaborators in the Coagulation Laboratory and through key study personnel in the Banner Univerisyt Medical Center - Tucson. Patients with positive and negative heparin/PF4 antibody and serotonin release assay results will be identified in the Coagulation Laboratory and the patient's provider will be approached about potential participation in research studies. If the potential participant is interested, they will be approached by study personnel for study description and possible consent. Alternatively, clinical collaborators who are consulted and participating directly in a patients care may contact a potential participant directly for willingness to participate in the study.

Patients consenting to the study will be asked to provide a one blood sample of approximately 150 milliliters. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) will be isolated from this sample and stored at -80C before use in proposed experiments. Genomic DNA will also be isolated from the sample to perform HLA sequencing.

HIT will be confirmed with a functional serotonin release assay and HIT likelihood based on clinical course. Detailed data will be collected regarding participant's hospitalization, heparin dose and duration, platelet counts, surgical history, and co-morbidities. After consent of participants, a peripheral blood sample will be acquired, CD positive T cells sorted using flow cytometry, and genomic DNA isolated as previously described.

The TCR repertoire and the proportion of specific TCR variants for a particular sample will be determined using a combination of novel technologies available in the investigator's laboratory and core facilities. The TCR repertoire of a sample will be determined using next-generation sequencing technology. The new Adaptive Technologies ImmunoSEQ TCR kit is likely to be utilized as this kit has been optimized to obtain an unbiased quantitative profile of rearranged TCR alleles from a genomic DNA sample. Currently this kit is in the beta test phase and VANTAGE is one of the test sites.

TCR sequencing will be performed using multiplex PCR system to amplify rearranged TCRbeta DNA using primers specific to a functional TCR Vbeta segment as previously described. Genomic templates will be amplified and observed relative abundance of Vbeta 5.1 family TCR clonotypes will be inferred from sequence data using an expectation maximization algorithm. CDR3 motifs as defined by the international ImMunoGeneTics information system (IMGT) will be predicted based on DNA sequences. For every read, best sequence alignment against reference sequences will be computed and reads with low quality scores will be discarded. To exclude unspecific T cells due to sorting impurities and/or stimulation background, antigen-specific clones with frequencies below 1 percent will be neglected.

TCR alleles known to be important in specific DHS will be targeted using droplet digital PCR (ddPCR). The ddPCR is a new technology that provides absolute quantification (real-time PCR provides relative quantification) of target template based on oil-emulsion droplet PCR reactions. The investigator's laboratory has experience with this new technology and assays for a number of important TCR alleles have already been optimized on the ddPCR in the investigator's laboratory.

To minimize risk extra blood will be collected for this study at the same time as primary care labs are drawn whenever possible. Participants will be asked to provide 150ml of blood in order to test qualitative immune responses. The risks associated with participating in this study relate to uncommon complications of venipuncture and could include discomfort, bruising, infection, and/or blood clot formation. Patients will be monitored for safety and comfort by trained clinical personnel.

Subjects will be monitored during the course of the study for any adverse events. Serious adverse events will be reported to the IRB within 10 days of the PI's notification of the event. Non-serious adverse events or instances of noncompliance with the protocol will be reported at the time of continuing review. The trial will be monitored in an ongoing fashion. There is no DSMB nor are any interim analyses planned.

Condition Heparin-induced Thrombocytopenia
Treatment Blood draw
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT02717039
SponsorUniversity of Arizona
Last Modified on23 February 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

years of age or older
Ability to give informed consent
Have undergone testing for heparin/PF4 antibody with or without SRA testing for HIT
Have received treatment with unfractionated heparin or low molecular weight heparin (enoxaparin, dalteparin, tinzaparin) prior to antibody or SRA testing

Exclusion Criteria

Less than 18 years of age
Hemoglobin less than 9 mg/dL (for larger 5 ounce blood draw)
Known Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection
Inability to give informed consent
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact



Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider


Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 



Reply by • Private

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note