R CEOP90 Versus R CEOP75 in Newly Diagnosed Young Patients With Medium/High-risk DLBCL

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    408
  • sponsor
    FENG Ji-feng
Updated on 8 November 2020
Investigator
Bin He, M.D.
Primary Contact
Northern Jiangsu People's Hospital (2.0 mi away) Contact
+5 other location
platelet count
rituximab
b-cell lymphoma

Summary

This clinical trial is designed to compare the efficacy and safety of RCEOP90 containing high-dose epirubicin and RCEOP75 containing standard epirubicin in newly diagnosed young patients with medium/high-risk diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Half of the participants receive RCEOP regimen containing 90mg/m2 epirubicin, while the other half of participants receive RCEOP regimen containing 75mg/m2 epirubicin. Via exploring whether high-dose epirubicin shall achieve better efficacy and less toxicity, we hope to optimize current treatment choice for young patients with medium/high-risk diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

Description

STUDY BACKGROUND Anthracyclines are key drugs in combined chemotherapy regimen for the treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and RCHOP has been used as the first-line standard chemotherapy protocol of DLBCL. Epirubicin (EPI) belongs to anthracyclines and its mechanism of action includes directly embedding into DNA base pair, interfering with the transcription process, blocking the formation of mRNA, and thus inhibiting the synthesis of DNA and RNA. In addition, epirubicin also has inhibitory effect on topoisomerase II. Compared with adriamycin, the effect of epirubicin is equal or slightly higher, but with less cardiotoxicity and myelotoxicity.

Although epirubicin has been widely used in chemotherapy regimen for the treatment of multiple types of solid cancer, due to lack of large-scale randomized clinical study, the use of epirubicin in the treatment of lymphoma is greatly limited and epirubicin has not been recommended in internationally recognized guidelines including NCCN, ESMO and ASH. There have been several studies using epirubicin for the treatment of lymphoma, which all indicated comparable efficacy and lower toxicity compared with adriamycin. Because CHOP regimen is often combined with targeted therapy, optimizing anthracyclines in CHOP regimen is quite important for reducing toxicity, especially replacing Adriamycin with epirubicin.

Up to present, there have been studies on elderly patients and low-risk young patients with DLBCL and the results have provided evidences to support R+CHOP21 as the first-line standard therapy for DLBCL. But there still lacks clinical studies on high-risk young DLBCL patients and the treatment for these kinds of patients often follows the therapy of above mentioned studies, and these lack strong support of evidenced medicine. Before the application of Rituximab, several studies have suggested that increasing dosage strength of anthracyclines may bring benefits in overall survival to patients. After the introduction of Rituximab in the treatment of DLBCL, although Rituximab significantly promote overall survival of low-risk patients, young high-risk patients have not been studied.

Based on above background and current knowledge gap, this clinical study shall focus on newly pathologically diagnosed young medium/high-risk Chinese DLBCL patients and investigate whether enhanced epirubicin dosage strength shall achieve higher complete remission rate and longer overall survival.

OBJECTIVES
  1. Evaluate and compare the efficacy of high-dose epirubicin (90mg/m2) and standard-dose epirubicin (75mg/m2) in RCEOP chemotherapy regimen.
  2. Assess toxicity profile of RCEOP chemotherapy regimen at different dosage of epirubicin, especially difference in cardiotoxicity and hematological toxicity between RCEOP90 and RCEOP75.
  3. Assess the influence of RCEOP90 and RCEOP75 on long-term survival of newly diagnosed young patients with medium/high-risk diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
OUTLINE

Included patients shall be randomly divided into 2 groups: high-dose epirubicin group (90mg/m2) and standard-dose epirubicin group (75mg/m2) given intravenously on Day 1 of each cycle for totally 6 cycles. Patients with CD20 positive proven by pathological examination in both groups shall receive Rituximab. Except for the difference in epirubicin dosage, the administration of Cyclophosphamide, Vincristine and Prednisolone shall follow standard chemotherapy regimen.

Screening shall be completed within 4 weeks before the administration of study drugs. For included patients, treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. During treatment of study drugs, the tests and procedures shall be performed within the first 3 days of each cycle: serum chemistry test, hematological test and body weight measurement. Physical examination, vital sign and WHO performance and ECOG score shall be performed or assess before the administration of study drugs on Day 1 of each cycle. At the end of Cycle 3, 6 and 8 (if applicable) (14days), physical examination, CT or MRI or PET examination shall be performed. If necessary, bone marrow assessment shall also be performed.

End-of-treatment visit shall be conducted within 4-5 weeks after the last administration of study drug. Patients experiencing toxicity or side effects shall be assessed within 4 weeks after withdrawal of study drugs. After completion of study treatment, patients who have not shown signs of disease progression shall be followed up for 2 year until disease progression, start treatment for another disease or death. Follow-up visit shall be conducted every 122 weeks and tumor assessment shall be performed (including neck, chest, abdomen, and pelvis CT or MRI).

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 408 patients will be accrued for this study.

Details
Treatment High-dose Epirubicin Combined with CVP ± Rituximab, Standard-dose Epirubicin Combined with CVP ± Rituximab
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03151044
SponsorFENG Ji-feng
Last Modified on8 November 2020

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Eligibility

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Inclusion Criteria

Is your age between 18 yrs and 60 yrs?
Gender: Male or Female
Do you have Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma?
All newly diagnosed patients with histologically proven diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL)
There is at least one measurable tumor mass (physical examined long diameter of mass over 2 cm, or 5mmCT-scanned long diameter of mass over 1.5cm and short diameter over 1.0cm)
Male or female patients aged no younger than 18 and no elder than 60 years old
aaIPI2 (LDH > normal +ECOG 2 + stage III-IV)
No involvement of the central nervous system
ECOG score 2 points and expected survival 3 months
During the study period, female subjects must be in menopause, or sterilization or willing to take contraceptive measures. Women with childbearing potential must use medically acceptable contraceptive method and agree to use this contraceptive method 2 weeks before treatment of the study drug, during study drug treatment and 3 months after the completion of study drug treatment
Male subjects are required to take contraceptive measures and agree to use this contraceptive method 2 weeks before treatment of the study drug, during study drug treatment and 3 months after the completion of study drug treatment
The subjects must be able to understand the study and are willing to participate in the study and sign informed consent
The subjects must be able and willing to follow the research plan
Echocardiography measured LVEF 50%
Satisfied hematological function (based on the investigator's judgment, except for the DLBCL abnormal conditions) is defined as follows: Hemoglobin 9g/dl; absolute neutrophil count 1.5 10^9/L; platelet count 75 10^9/L

Exclusion Criteria

Primary central nervous system tumors or central nervous system metastasis
previous drug induced cardiotoxicity > =CTCAE 3.0 Grade 2
Complicated with serious heart disease which may affect this clinical study (e.g., heart failure [New York Heart Association NYHA Class III or IV, or left ventricular ejection fraction LVEF<50%] or with disease history of following diseases: QTc prolongation of clinical significance (for male patients, QTc over 450ms; for female patients, QTc over 470ms), ventricular tachycardia (VT) , atrial fibrillation (AF), heart block, myocardial infarction (MI) within 1 years, congestive heart failure (CHF) and coronary heart disease with symptoms requiring drug treatment
Diagnosis of other malignancies other than diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL)
Mental disorders affecting compliance
Unable to obtain informed consent
Previously have received DLBCL treatment, except for biopsy or local radiotherapy
Patients are pregnant or lactating women
Patients have severe infections, medical conditions or psychiatric conditions, and investigators believe that this condition may interfere with the purpose of the study
Patients with known positive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), active hepatitis B, or active hepatitis C (positive for anti-HCV antibodies)
Existence of following laboratory abnormalities (unless any of these abnormalities are due to underlying lymphoma)
Creatinine was greater than 1.5 folds of upper limit of normal (ULN) (except that creatinine clearance is within normal range) or calculated creatinine clearance<40 mL/min (using Cockcroft - Gault formula)
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) > 2.5 folds of ULN
Total bilirubin 1.5 folds of ULN: if total bilirubin 3 folds of ULN, patients with diagnosed Gilbert's disease can be included
In the absence of anticoagulant therapy, the international normalized ratio (INR) > 1.5 folds of ULN
In lupus patients without anticoagulant drug treatment, partial thromboplastin time (PTT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) > 1.5 folds of ULN
Investigators decide that the patient is not suitable for this study
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