Last updated on May 2019

Filling Bone Erosions: a Longitudinal Multicentric HR-pQCT Study of Subcutaneous Tocilizumab in Rheumatoid Arthritis


Brief description of study

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease mediated by the production of several cytokines, which leads to the destruction of bone and cartilage tissue in multiple joints and to bone loss. Conventional radiographs (CR) are considered as the gold standard for diagnosis and follow up of joint changes in RA. But this method has low sensitivity to detect early erosive changes and is unable to evaluate periarticular bone loss.

High Resolution peripheral QCT (HRpQCT) enables the detection of erosions less than 0.5 mm in width or depth at metacarpo-phalangeal (MCP) joints. Using 3-D high resolution analysis of cortical bone erosions, this one is also able to evaluate the volumes of erosion and the evolution under treatments IL6 (6- interleukin) plays a major role in inflammatory process and bone damages related to RA. Tocilizumab (TCZ) is a humanized anti-IL-6R monoclonal antibody, developed and investigated in several clinical trials in RA. This biotherapy, in association with methotrexate (MTX) or given in monotherapy, is efficient in RA with inadequate response to MTX or anti-TNF b (tumor necrosis factor). TCZ reduces dramatically systemic inflammation, structural progression and improves clinical symptoms and quality of life.

Tocilizumab may help reducing bone erosions, periarticular osteopenia and systemic bone loss.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02765074

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Chu Toulouse

Toulouse, France
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