The Role of Filaggrin Mutations and Sensitization Pathways in Allergic Rhinitis and Peanut Allergy

  • End date
    Dec 25, 2022
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Dr. Anne Ellis
Updated on 23 February 2022
skin test
atopic diathesis
Accepts healthy volunteers


Caucasian male and female participants age 18 years of age and older will be enrolled in this study if they have known birch or peanut allergies or known to be non-atopic. Participants will undergo skin testing to confirm their allergies if not completed in the last 12 months. Medications and medical history will be captured with a focus on atopic disorders. Participants will undergo birch and peanut patch testing to assess penetration and if potential correlation exists with filaggrin genotyping and phenotyping. Blood samples will be drawn from participants and DNA isolated for genotyping of null mutations in filaggrin.


Participants with confirmed history of birch induced allergic rhinitis or peanut allergy or that are non-atopic will undergo the following procedures.

If not already completed in the previous year, participants will be skin tested to a panel of common environmental allergens, including birch pollen and peanut. To be considered "non-atopic", all skin tests in the panel must be negative in the presence of a positive histamine control. All participants will also be skin tested to peanut, Arah 2, Ara h 8 (if obtainable), crushed raw unroasted peanut, peanut butter, peanut extract, Bet v 1 and birch pollen extract.

Blood samples will be drawn for genotyping of the four most common null mutations in FLG in Caucasians (R501X, 2282del4, R2447X, S3247X).

Patch testing will be performed using Ara h2, Arah8 (if obtainable), crushed raw unroasted peanut, peanut butter, peanut extract, Bet v 1 and birch pollen extract. Peanut and birch pollen allergens, both whole and components will be diluted 1:10 in both saline and petroleum jelly and applied to normal controls skin to establish levels for irritant reaction. If further dilutions are required to show non-irritation these will be performed.

As well, a limited medical history and medication history will be documented, with a focus on atopic disorders (i.e. atopic dermatitis (eczema), allergic rhinitis, asthma, and food allergy). Those in the non-allergic control group will be excluded if they have features of eczema, food allergy or other atopic conditions). Medications that could potentially interfere with the skin test results (i.e. antihistamines) must be documented, and appropriate washout intervals observed prior to the skin test procedure, if necessary.

Condition Allergic Rhinitis, Peanut Allergies
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT02745418
SponsorDr. Anne Ellis
Last Modified on23 February 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

caucasian male or females
participants 18 years of age and older
participants with known birch allergy, confirmed by a skin test 3mm or greater than the negative control
participants with diagnosed and confirmed peanut with allergy
confirmed by one of the following
positive food challenge
convincing history of peanut allergy AND positive skin test (3mm >= than negative control) OR peanut-specific IgE >=0.35
uncertain history of peanut allergy OR no exposure to peanut AND a positive skin test 5mm>= negative control AND a peanut-specific IgE >=15
non-allergic controls who lack a diagnosis of any atopic diathesis and have supportive negative skin testing to a panel of common environmental allergens

Exclusion Criteria

participants unable to complete study related procedures
participants that have taken or are taking restricted medications
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If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

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