Last updated on January 2019

Non-interventional Study on Salvage Auto in Relapsed Myeloma

Brief description of study

Multiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable disease that is characterized by the accumulation of clonal plasma cells in the bone marrow. While MM patients with relapsed disease may achieve responses to subsequent antimyeloma therapies, the duration of response decreases with successive relapses until resistant disease develops. Until recently, the median survival following relapse after induction therapy was approximately one year. The relatively recent US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approvals of bortezomib (2003) and combination lenalidomide plus dexamethasone (2006) therapies for the treatment of previously treated MM has provided effective therapeutic options that give patients with relapsed or refractory MM the prospect for a prolongation of overall and progression-free survival times. However, MM remains an incurable disease. A clear unmet medical need still exists for additional novel therapeutic options for the treatment of previously treated MM.

Plerixafor reversibly inhibits CXCR4 binding to stromal cell derived factor (SDF)-1alpha and was recently discovered to be an effective agent to mobilize CD34+ cells into the peripheral blood. In normal volunteers, administering Plerixafor after 4-5 days of G-CSF resulted in a 3-3.5 fold increase in circulating CD34+ cells. Two phases 3 studies demonstrated that the combination of G-CSF and Plerixafor is superior to G-CSF alone for mobilizing hematopoietic progenitor cells in front-line or as salvage therapy in patients with multiple myeloma.

Nevertheless, almost all patients ultimately relapse, and no plateau is observed in the survival curves. At the time of disease recurrence, there is not one standard salvage approach, but instead, various therapeutic options are available, including novel agents-based therapy, administered for a fixed duration of time or until progression. In the pivotal trial for the approval of bortezomib as monotherapy in relapsed and refractory MM, the median PFS was 7 months, whereas in the pivotal trials for the approval of lenalidomide in combination with dexamethasone in the same group of patients, the median time to progression was approximately 11 months. A more recent prospective, randomized, phase 3 study has shown that a triplet combination of bortezomib, thalidomide and dexamethasone (VTD) achieved superior results compared to thalidomide dexamethasone (TD) alone in patients relapsing following ASCT, with a median time to progression of 19.5 versus 13.8 months, respectively. This study suggests that combinations consisting of both an IMiD and a proteasome inhibitor are a valuable option at the time of relapse.

However, when a frozen graft is available, it is also possible to repeat high-dose therapy in patients who previously responded to the frontline application of high-dose melphalan and ASCT. Over time, several reports have demonstrated the feasibility of this salvage strategy. The majority of data are available from retrospective studies and are based on single-centre experiences with small numbers of selected patients. In this setting, PFS has been shown to range from 7 to 22 months, and the treatment-related mortality (TRM) was acceptable, ranging from 0 to 8%. Various prognostic factors for prolonged PFS have been described, such as the duration of response to the first high-dose therapy, or the number of lines of therapy prior to salvage ASCT.

With this background, this prospective non-interventional multicentre study will aim to collect data on the feasibility of salvage ASCT using a Plerixafor-based stem cell mobilization in relapsed MM, according to Plerixafor label in France.

This is a non-interventional study; visit will be performed as usual, according to each center practices. No additional visits will be requested for the study purpose. The date for each visit and any data generated must be recorded on the appropriate eCRF.

The study will consist of 3 periods:

  • An early screening period
  • Autologous stem cell mobilization period
  • High dose melphalan therapy and autologous graft infusion and follow-up for12 months after salvage ASCT Inclusion visit

This visit may occur up to 28 days before Mozobil administration. This visit will be performed during the visit of pre-transplant assessment. For the pre-transplant assessment, the procedures are performed routinely before ASCT even if the patient is not included in the


Stem cell mobilization phase The stem cell mobilization phase is performed according to standard practice of each participating centre.

Follow-up visits High dose melphalan administration and autologous graft infusion will be performed according to each centre standard practice. Patients will be followed according to each center practices. The follow-up of this non-interventional study will end 12 months after ASCT.

Subjects will be enrolled over a 2 years period. The total duration of the study will be 36 months

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02439476

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Recruitment Status: Open

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