DC Vaccination in CML

  • End date
    Jan 16, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Charite University, Berlin, Germany
Updated on 16 August 2021
residual tumor
bcr-abl protein


The aim of this phase I/II trial is induction of anti leukemic T cell immunity in a clinical situation of "minimal residual disease". This might be a strategy to immunologically eradicate the residual leukemia cells. Patients to be included are chronic phase bcr/abl+ CML (chronic myeloid leukemia) patients in stable cytogenetic and/or molecular remission.

These patients can be included if they have:

  1. not achieved a CMR (complete molecular response) or
  2. achieved bcr/abl < 10% on qPCR (quantitative polymerase chain reaction) (=MCyR) (Major cytogenic Response), but less than a CCyR (complete cytogenic Response).

Autologous DC (Dendritic cells), generated under GMP (Good manufacturing conditions) conditions, are used as a vaccine. These DC constitutively express all putative tumor antigens. In order to ensure sufficient presentation of distinct CML-related antigens, particularly in good responders to TKIs, DC are additionally pulsed with peptides from bcr/abl, WT-1 (Wilms Tumor Protein) and proteinase-3. Monitoring of T cell reactivity against these peptides can then serve as surrogate marker for anti leukemic immunity induced by the vaccine. Vaccination is performed with 10^7 DC i.d. (intra dermal) in weeks 1, 3, 5, 8, 11, 14, 17, 20, 23 and 26. KLH (keyhole limpet hemocyanin) is used as an adjuvant for vaccine preparations in weeks 3, 5 and 8 (and 11).

Condition Chronic Myeloid Leukemia, Chronic myeloid leukemia
Treatment DC vaccine
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT02543749
SponsorCharite University, Berlin, Germany
Last Modified on16 August 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patients with bcr/abl-positive CML in stable cytogenetic / molecular remission after at least 18 months therapy with tyrosine kinase Inhibitors (TKI). The following groups of patients will be included
complete cytogenetic remission (CCyR), but stable detection of bcr/abl-transcript on qPCR (at least on two different time points over a period of at least 6 months). A stable molecular remission is assumed, if the difference between the qPCR values does not exceed a factor 5 (< 0,5log)
No CCyR, but qPCR for bcr/abl transcript < 10% (= MCyR (Major cytogenetic Response)) after at least 24 months on 2nd generation TKI therapy
Treatment with a TKI inhibitor and an additional anti leukemic drug is no exclusion criterion
Age 18-80 years
Performance status of 0 or 1 according to WHO index or Karnofsky index >70 %
Life expectancy > 18 months
Hematological function should be at least partially conserved (platelets count >50.000/ l, Hb > 8g/dl)
written informed consent
No breast feeding
if of childbearing potential, negative pregnancy test (serum/urine - HCG ( human chorionic gonadotropin )) and willingness to use highly effective contraceptive methods (Pearl Index <1, e.g.: birth control pill, loop, hormone implant, transdermal hormone patch, a combination of two barrier methods [condom and vaginal diaphragm] sterilisation or sexual abstinence) for the study duration and thereafter as long as under treatment with antileukemic drugs

Exclusion Criteria

Clinically relevant autoimmune disorders
Immunodeficiency syndromes
Known allergy to GM-CSF (granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor), TNF- (Tumor necrosis factor Alpha) , IL-4 (interleukine 4) or KLH (keyhole limpet hemocyanin)
Pregnancy (absence confirmed by serum/urine -HCG) or breastfeeding
Women of childbearing age without highly effective contraception
Active infectious disease requiring treatment
Continuous therapy with corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive drugs
Severe psychiatric disorders
Organ dysfunction
Thrombin Time / Partial Thromboplastin Time > 1,5 x upper normal limit
creatinine > 2,0 mg/ml
Bilirubin > 3,0 mg/ml, ALAT/ASAT (Alanine aminotransferase/ aspartate aminotransferase) > 3x upper normal limit
pulmonary disfunction (dyspnea at rest or with minimal exertion)
clinically relevant coronary heart disease or ventricular arrhythmia, congestive heart failure > grade II NYHA (New York Heart Association)
Persons who are detained officially or legally to an official institute
Subjects for whom there is concern about compliance with the protocol procedures
Present History of substance abuse (drug or alcohol) or any other factor (e.g., serious psychiatric condition) that could limit the subject's ability to comply with study procedures
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