Last updated on February 2019

Innate Immunity Gene Polymorphisms and Yeast Colonization

Brief description of study

It is proposed to carry out the study in three medical or surgical intensive care units (ICU) in the CHRU, Lille, and the CHU, Besanon. In all patients admitted to these ICU (see Figure 2), a corrected index of colonisation (CIC) will be determined and blood samples will be taken for genotyping of the lectins MBL, Dectin-1 and Galectin-3 and for serology. Over the duration of hospitalisation (on average 28 days) and weekly, fungal colonisation will be assessed in all patients (according to the CIC), and antibodies to yeast glycans will be determined by a simultaneous multiparametric analysis involving several families of natural or synthetic antigens, and the detection of circulating antigens (mannan and -1,3 glucan).

Detailed Study Description

Determination of the CIC:

The CIC will be determined on admission and then once a week during hospitalisation. This will be carried out on a fixed day for all patients; we will avoid determining the CIC any closer than 2 days apart. It is not planned in this study to modify the therapeutic strategy of the ICU services. The strains isolated will be stored in glycerol solution at -80C. The specimens for genetic and serological analysis will be stored centrally in a local mycology laboratory.

Genotyping of lectin genes and TLRs:

Two tubes containing 6 ml of blood in EDTA will be taken from each patient for extraction of DNA

Serological study, detection of antibodies to yeast glycans:

10 ml of whole blood will be taken from each patient on the day of inclusion and over the duration of hospitalisation (maximum total quantity of 40 ml). This will be done on a fixed day for all patients; we will avoid sampling any closer than 2 days apart.

Functional tests on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) Taking into account the fact that the results of genotyping will not be available in real time and the need to work with freshly collected cells, a group size of 50 patients in group 2 (negative CIC over the duration of hospitalisation) and 50 patients in group 3 (negative CIC at admission but positive at hospital discharge) will be analysed.

Stimulation tests will be carried out in the presence of whole yeasts or yeast extracts on sub-populations of cells isolated from 20 ml of peripheral blood in EDTA.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02888860

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