Last updated on February 2018

Effects and Safety of Infusion of Low-Doses of Methylprednisolone in Early ALI and ARDS in Children


Brief description of study

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of prolonged low-dose methylprednisolone infusion on pulmonary function (LIS and ventilation-free days), extra pulmonary organ function (PMODS score), inflammatory markers - RCP (Reactive C Protein), IL6 (Interleukine 6), TNF (Tumor Necrosis Factor), IL8 (Interleukine 8), IL10 (Interleukine 10) and length of Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) stay in early ALI/ARDS in children.

Detailed Study Description

Scientific background. Dysregulated systemic inflammation - characterized by protracted elevation of inflammatory cytokines in the circulation - is a key pathogenetic mechanism for morbidity and mortality in ALI/ARDS, and is associated with tissue insensitivity and/or resistance to inappropriately elevated endogenous glucocorticoids. In one study, prolonged methylprednisolone treatment of ARDS patients resulted in rapid and sustained reduction in circulating and pulmonary levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, and procollagen.

Preliminary work. Two recent metanalysis evaluating the use of low doses of corticosteroids in acute lung injury/ARDS in adults reported a significant physiological improvement, a sizable reduction in duration of mechanical ventilation and ICU length of stay and reduction in mortality.

Hypothesis. We hypothesized that prolonged administration of low doses of methylprednisolone in pediatric ALI/ARDS is safe and downregulates systemic inflammation and leads to earlier resolution of pulmonary and extra pulmonary organ dysfunction and a reduction in duration of mechanical ventilation and ICU stay.

Objective. To investigate the effects of prolonged low-dose methylprednisolone infusion on pulmonary function (LIS and ventilation-free days), extra pulmonary organ function (PMODS score), inflammatory markers - RCP (Reactive C Protein), IL6 (Interleukine 6), TNF (Tumor Necrosis Factor), IL8 (Interleukine 8), IL10 (Interleukine 10) and length of Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) stay in early ALI/ARDS in children.

Study design. Prospective randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT01757899

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