Last updated on February 2018

Methylprednisolone for Children With Severe Mycoplasma Pneumoniae Pneumonia (MCMP)


Brief description of study

The study is designed to investigate difference in percentage of presentation of atelectasis, bronchiectasis, bronchiolitis obliterans, or consolidation in 6 months after discharge in those treated with a low dose regimen of methylprednisolone initiated with 2 or 4 mg/kg/d for 3 days followed by tapering, combined with sequential treatment with azithromycin versus a high dose regimen of methylprednisolone initiated with 10 mg/kg/d for 3 days followed by tapering, combined with sequential treatment with azithromycin.

Detailed Study Description

Mycoplasma pneumonia pneumonia (MPP) accounts for approximately 10-30% of childhood community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in China. Macrolide is the first choice for MPP. However, progression to severe pneumonia might occur despite antibiotics therapy. And some patients have sequelae of bronchiolitis obliterans, bronchiectasis and atelectasis, et al. Based on inflammatory and immunological mechanism, there is some clinical evidence that adjuvant of corticosteroid reduced morbidity and improved the outcome in the children with severe MPP. However, the dosage of corticosteroid varied greatly in studies. Therefore, a large prospective study is needed to define the benefits of high-dose corticosteroid therapy in MPP.

Patients will be randomized into two groups: the low dose group and the high dose group. The low dose group will receive methylprednisolone 2 or 4 mg/kg/d for 3 days followed by tapering in 9 days, combined with sequential treatment with azithromycin. The high dose group will receive methylprednisolone 10 mg/kg/d for 3 days followed by tapering in 9 days, combined with sequential treatment with azithromycin. After discharge, patients of both groups will be followed up at 1, 3, and 6 months.

The number of pulmonary lesions, including atelectasis, bronchiectasis, bronchiolitis obliterans, or consolidations, in 6 months after discharge will be compared in two groups. The number of adverse events, such as hyperglycemia, hypertension, increased intraocular pressure, will be compared between the two groups.

The trial will be completed in 35 months, with 630 subjects recruited from 9 hospitals in partnership with clinical research collaboration of National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Diseases.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02303587

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