Last updated on November 2019

Standard of Care Therapy With or Without Stereotactic Radiosurgery and/or Surgery in Treating Patients With Limited Metastatic Breast Cancer

Are you eligible to participate in this study?

You may be eligible for this study if you meet the following criteria:

  • Conditions: Pain | Stage IV Breast Cancer | Acute Pain Service | Fatigue | Nausea and Vomiting | Dyspnea
  • Age: Between 18 - 100 Years
  • Gender: Female

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pathologically confirmed metastatic breast cancer
  • Known estrogen, progesterone, and HER2 status of either primary tumor or metastasis
  • 4 metastases seen on standard imaging within 60 days prior to registration when all metastatic disease is located within the following sites:
  • peripheral lung
  • osseous (bone)
  • spine
  • central lung
  • abdominal-pelvic(lymph node/adrenal gland)
  • liver
  • mediastinal/cervical lymph node
  • All known disease amenable to metastasis-directed therapy with either SBRT or resection
  • NOTE: Symptomatic bone metastasis are allowed if ablative therapy can be delivered
  • NOTE: Sites for possible surgical excision include lung, liver, adrenal gland, bone, small intestine, large intestine, ovary, and amenable nodal disease sites
  • NOTE: Surgical stabilization is allowed for a metastasis if it is followed by conventionally fractionated external beam radiotherapy
  • Maximum diameter of individual metastasis in any dimension 5 cm
  • There are no restrictions on distance between the metastases
  • Patients must be registered within 365 days of the initial metastatic breast cancer diagnosis. First-line standard systemic therapy (chemotherapy, anti-endocrine therapy, anti-HER2 or other standard targeted therapy) for metastatic breast cancer must be given or planned to be given. If given before study entry, it cannot have exceeded a duration of 12 months at the time of registration. (Note: Sequencing of ablative therapy (surgery or SBRT) relative to systemic therapy, for patients randomized to Arm 2, is at the discretion of the treating physician.)
  • The primary tumor site must be controlled prior to registration
  • For those who present with synchronous primary and oligometastatic disease:

Primary must be controlled prior to registration. The definition of control is definitive surgery by excision or mastectomy (+/- radiotherapy) per institution preference

  • For those who present with local recurrence and oligometastatic disease, local recurrence must be controlled prior to registration The definition of control is definitive surgery by excision or mastectomy (+/- radiotherapy) per institution preference
  • Appropriate stage for study entry based on the following diagnostic workup:
  • History/physical examination within 60 days prior to registration
  • Clinical grade computed tomography (CT) scans of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis with radionuclide bone scan OR whole body positron emission tomography (PET)/CT within 60 days prior to study registration
  • Zubrod performance status 2 within 60 days prior to registration
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) 500 cells/mm^3
  • Platelets 50,000 cells/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin 8.0 g/dl (note: the use of transfusion or other intervention to achieve hemoglobin [Hgb] 8.0 g/dl is acceptable)
  • For females of child-bearing potential, negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 14 days prior to study registration

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pathologic evidence of local/regional breast tumor recurrence at the time of registration
  • Co-existing or prior invasive malignancy (except non-melanomatous skin cancer), unless disease free for a minimum of 3 years; previous RT dose, date, fraction size, must be reported
  • Metastases with indistinct borders making targeting not feasible
  • NOTE: A potential issue with bone metastases is that they often are not discrete. Since many patients on this protocol will have bone metastases, this will be an important issue. Theoretically, Houndsfield units might provide an appropriate measure; however, a sclerotic lesion against dense cortical bone will not have a sharp demarcation based on Houndsfield units (HU). Therefore, we acknowledge that such determinations will pose a challenge and thus the physician's judgment will be required
  • Prior palliative radiation treatment for metastatic disease (including radiopharmaceuticals)
  • Metastases located within 3 cm of the previously irradiated structures:
  • Spinal cord previously irradiated to > 40 Gy (delivered in 3 Gy/fraction)
  • Brachial plexus previously irradiated to > 50 Gy (delivered in 3 Gy/fraction)
  • Small intestine, large intestine, or stomach previously irradiated to > 45 Gy (delivered in 3 Gy/fraction)
  • Brainstem previously irradiated to > 50 Gy (delivered in 3 Gy/fraction)
  • Whole lung previously irradiated with prior V20Gy > 30% (delivered in 3 Gy/fraction)
  • Primary tumor irradiated with SBRT
  • Metastasis irradiated with SBRT
  • Brain metastases
  • Exudative, bloody, or cytological proven malignant effusions
  • Severe, active co-morbidity defined as follows:
  • Unstable angina and/or congestive heart failure requiring hospitalization within the last 6 months
  • Transmural myocardial infarction within the last 6 months
  • Acute bacterial or fungal infection requiring intravenous antibiotics at the time of registration
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation or other respiratory illness requiring hospitalization or precluding study therapy at the time of registration
  • Pregnancy; lactating females must cease expression of milk prior to signing consent to be eligible
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive with cluster of differentiation (CD)4 count < 200 cells/microliter; note that patients who are HIV positive are eligible, provided they are under treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and have a CD4 count 200 cells/microliter within 30 days prior to registration; note also that HIV testing is not required for eligibility for this protocol

Recruitment Status: Open

Brief Description Eligibility Contact Research Team

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