Last updated on March 2018

Infusion Intracoronary of Mononuclear Autologous Adult no Expanded Stem Cells of Bone Marrow on Functional Recovery in Patients With Idiopathic Dilated Cardiomyopathy and Heart Failure.

Brief description of study

Clinical trial phase IIb, double-blind, randomized, controlled with placebo. There is sufficient preliminary evidence to consider intracoronary injection of bone marrow progenitor cells as a viable, safe and beneficial treatment in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, although the biological mechanism of action of bone marrow cells in the myocardium is not known. In this project we propose to investigate comparatively and from a biological and clinical point of view the applicability of regenerative therapy with autologous bone marrow cells in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy.

Detailed Study Description

The study population correspond to male and female patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy.

51 patients diagnosed with this disease are included. After inclusion, will proceed to the random allocation to study group or control group in a 2:1 ratio, 34 patients in the treatment group and 17 in the control group.

The total duration is expected to be 48 months: The inclusion period is 24 months and each patient assigned to the experimental group will be followed for 24 months, whereas that one ramdomized to the control group, will have a folow-up of 12 months. Upon completion there of, the patients will be followed in routine clinical practice.

This is a double blind study, in which all patients will perform the bone marrow harvesting.

All patients will receive the best medical treatment individualized (ACEIs or Angiotensin II receptor blocker, beta-blockers, diuretics and eplerenone) for at least 6 months prior to their participation in the clinical trial, so that the situation is stable and pharmacological basal condition is the same for everyone.

The bone marrow cells of patients assigned to placebo group will be cryopreserved, and once the trial is completed, the blind will be opened and all the patients who had been randomized to the control group, may be processed by the route of compassionate use with their own mononuclear bone marrow cells previously frozen.

The patients who are randomized to experimental group will be treated by the conventional treatment + infusion of autologous mononuclear bone marrow cells not expanded whereas the patients who are randomized to control group will be treated by the conventional treatment + infusion of placebo.

The main objective is to assess comparative the efficacy of intracoronary injection of bone marrow stem cells autologous to improve ventricular function in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy who receive conventional medical treatment, compared with a control group who receive a infusion of placebo and conventional medical treatment. The improvement in ventricular function assessed by changes in angiographically determined ejection fraction.

Secondary objectives of the study are:

  • To analyze the predictors of good clinical response, functional and biological treatment with adult stem cells autologous mononuclear bone marrow not expanded in terms of functional recovery.

The following parameters were evaluated: Functional class (NYHA), Natriuretic peptide B, Stress test (exercise time), Echocardiographic parameters of ventricular function, for example LVEF (%), TDV (ml), TSV (ml) and TAPSE (ms) and Biological parameters of cellular functionality, for example CD133 +, CD34 +, CD34 +/CD177 + and CD34 +/CD38- (in %).

  • To determine, in the light of the obtained results, the application protocol suitable cell therapy for the treatment of dilated cardiomyopathy.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02033278

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