Last updated on June 2019

MR-guided High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) on Pediatric Solid Tumors

Are you eligible to participate in this study?

You may be eligible for this study if you meet the following criteria:

  • Conditions: HEPATIC NEOPLASM | Neuroblastoma | Osteosarcoma | Relapsed Pediatric Solid Tumors | Refractory Pediatric Solid Tumors | Nephroblastoma | Rhabdomyosarcoma | Tumors Located in Bone or Soft Tissue in Close Proximity to Bone | Ewing's sarcoma | Germ cell tumor | Aggressive fibromatosis
  • Age: - 30 Years
  • Gender: Male or Female

AGE: 30 years of age.


Histologically confirmed malignant solid tumors, which may include but are not limited to rhabdomyosarcoma and other soft tissue sarcomas, Ewing's sarcoma family of tumors, osteosarcoma, neuroblastoma, Wilms' tumor, hepatic tumors, germ cell tumors, and desmoid tumors.

TUMOR LOCATION: Target lesion(s) must be located in bone or soft tissue in close proximity to bone. Target lesions must be reachable within the normal safety margins of HIFU as specified in the instructions for use.

TARGET LESION(S): Radiographically evaluable or measurable solid tumor target lesion(s).


Malignant Tumor: The patient's cancer must have relapsed after or failed to respond to frontline curative therapy and there must not be other potentially curative treatment options available. Curative therapy may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or any combination of these modalities.


Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy prior to entering on this study.

No limitation on the number of prior chemotherapy regimens that the patient may have received prior to study entry.

Myelosuppressive chemotherapy: The last dose of all myelosuppressive anticancer drugs must be at least 3 weeks prior to study entry.

Immunotherapy: The last dose of immunotherapy (monoclonal antibody or vaccine) must be at least 4 weeks prior to study entry.

Biologic (anti-cancer agent): The last dose of all biologic agents for the treatment of the patient's cancer (such as retinoids or tyrosine kinase inhibitors) must be at least 7 days prior to study entry.

Radiation therapy: The last dose of radiation to more than 25 % of marrow containing bones (pelvis, spine, skull) must be at least 4 weeks prior to study entry. The last dose of all other local palliative (limited port) radiation must be at least 2 weeks prior to study entry.

Stem Cell Transplantation. At least 2 months post-autologous stem cell transplant or at least 3 months post-allogeneic transplant and recovered from toxicities without evidence of graft versus host disease and on stable doses of immunosuppressive medications if required.

Growth Factors. The last dose of colony stimulating factors, such as filgrastim, sargramostim, and erythropoietin, must be at least 1 week prior to study entry, the last dose of long-acting colony stimulating factors, such as pegfilgrastim, must be at least 2 weeks prior to study entry.


No other anti-cancer therapy (chemotherapy, biological therapy, radiation therapy) is permitted during HIFU treatment and post treatment follow up for tolerability (see section 3.3).


Patients > 10 years old must have a Karnofsky performance level 50%, and children 10 years old must have a Lansky performance level 50% (See Appendix I).

Patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis or motor weakness, but who are up in a wheelchair will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of calculating the performance score.

    1. Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) of 750/L
    2. Platelet count 75,000/L (may receive transfusions)
  • RENAL FUNCTION: Age-adjusted normal serum creatinine OR a creatinine clearance 60 mL/min/1.73 m2.
  • ADEQUATE PULMONARY FUNCTION: Defined as no dyspnea at rest, and a pulse oximetry >94% on room air if there is clinical indication for determination.
  • Normal PT, PTT and INR < 1.5 x ULN (including patients on prophylactic anticoagulation)

Exclusion Criteria:

Clinically significant unrelated systemic illness, such as serious infections, hepatic, renal or other organ dysfunction, which in the judgment of the Principal or Associate Investigator would compromise the patient's ability to tolerate the general anesthetic required for the procedure.

Target lesions that are pulmonary primary tumors or metastases.

Implant or prosthesis or scar tissue within the path of the HIFU beam.

Target <1 cm from nerve plexus, spinal canal, bladder, bowel

Target in contact with hollow viscera

Lesion in the skull

Inability to undergo MRI and/or contraindication for MRI

Inability to tolerate stationary position during HIFU

Patients currently receiving other anticancer agents.

Patients currently receiving other investigational agents.

Recruitment Status: Open

Brief Description Eligibility Contact Research Team

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