Breath Condensate Study in Patients With Cystic Fibrosis.

  • End date
    Apr 6, 2025
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    University of Florida
Updated on 4 October 2022
Accepts healthy volunteers


There is an urgent need for a noninvasive method to diagnose bronchial infections and exacerbations in patients with Cystic Fibrosis (CF). The current method to diagnosed infections involves either collecting a sputum sample or obtaining a bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). However, some patients cannot produce sputum. At the same time the decision of when a patient has an exacerbation continues to be very subjective. In this exploratory study, we propose a new, noninvasive method to diagnose bronchial infections and to evaluate possible markers of inflammation that can assist in a noninvasive way in the determination of exacerbations.


We hypothesize that it is possible to recover microbial products causing infections in Exhaled Breath Condensate (EBC) samples as well as to measure markers of inflammation like Interleukin (IL)-8, Leukotriene B4 (LTB4), Interleukin IL-6, Interleukin IL-1B, Tumor Necrosis Factor alpha, as well as proteases like neutrophil elastase, matrix metalloproteinase 2 and 9 and antiproteases like secretory leukoprotease inhibitor (SLPI), alpha one antitrypsin and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1). As a way to compare our findings to systemic inflammation we will also measure C-reactive protein in serum.

20 patients with cystic fibrosis who have chronic bronchial infection and 20 controls will be recruited. Their exhaled breath condensate and sputum samples will be collected and analyzed for the presence of bacteria through traditional, molecular and nuclear acid amplification methods as well as Pyrosequencing analysis. We will also measure the above markers of inflammation and follow the CF patients for the following year so we can continue to collect exhaled breath condensate when they have an exacerbation and are admitted to the hospital as well as after treatment for the exacerbation. We will correlate these markers with patient's clinical features including pulmonary function test, Body max index, CF pathogens, and CF genotype. If our hypothesis turns out to be true it will open up a possibility for a new noninvasive diagnostic and follow up method that will benefit cystic fibrosis patients.

2. Hypothesis & Specific Aims:

  1. Microbial products can be recovered from exhaled breath condensate. B. That these microbial products recovered from exhaled breath correlate with that recovered from sputum C. Markers of inflammation can be recovered from exhale breath condensate.

Condition Cystic Fibrosis
Treatment Exhaled Breath Condensate
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT02056132
SponsorUniversity of Florida
Last Modified on4 October 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Any patient with Cystic Fibrosis (CF) in the age range 18-65 years who is known to be
chronically infected in their respiratory tract will be eligible as cases. Any other
patient or healthy subject in the age range 18-65 years who is not infected with
Pseudomonas in their respiratory tract will be eligible as controls

Exclusion Criteria

Any study subject, who cannot co-operate with the study, cannot co-ordinate breathing or
cannot breathe through a mouthpiece
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