Last updated on February 2018

Sleep Breathing Disorders a Main Trigger for Cardiac ARythmias in Type I Myotonic Dystrophy ?


Brief description of study

Up to one-third of patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 die suddenly mainly from arrhythmias. Sleep apnea is prevalent in myotonic dystrophy (DM1) patients. Among the serious complications from sleep apnea, the most alarming are arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death (SCD). Diagnosis of sleep apnea using simple tools in ambulatory cardiology practice may improve therapy of cardiac arrhythmias in patients with DM1

Detailed Study Description

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and central sleep apnea (CSA), the most common form of sleep disordered breathing (SDB), are prevalent in patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). Among the serious complications from sleep apnea, the most alarming are cardiovascular, including arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death (SCD). Diagnosis of SDB using simple tools in ambulatory cardiology practice may lead to an important primary or additional therapy to supplement the use of drugs or devices in the treatment of cardiac arrhythmias.

We hypothesize that DM1 patients with severe oxygen desaturations (Oxygen desaturation index >15/hour of sleep and/or cumulative time spent below 90% of SaO2 above 5% of time of recording) will exhibit three fold more nocturnal arrhythmias compared to DM1 group without oxygen desaturations during sleep.

During this project we will address the following aims:

  • Is there a relationship between the severity of oxygen desaturations during sleep and nocturnal arrhythmias? We will address this question in a prospective study with seven nights of at home recordings with a multimodal holter EKG assessing together arrhythmias, thoracic impedance (in order to estimate respiratory movements) and SaO2.
  • The specific proarrhythmic role of REM sleep will be assessed during a single night full polysomnography and multiple sleep latency tests (MSLT).

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02375087

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CHU

Grenoble, France
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Recruitment Status: Open


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